2007年12月31日

别了,伤痛的2007。

是否还有勇气作别? 在这年的最后7小时,孤单的起床,打扫卫生,吃饭,洗衣,看电视,上网……

如果可以作别过去的记忆,我还是一样的单纯。

2008的第一个愿望:让自己学会残酷,懂得残忍

每个人都是庞青云

2006年08月10日
2006年08月08日

Discovery Health。这档节目看过了很多集。包括什么家装、整形、约会各种。今天看到了让我感叹的一场。

一个年逾50的游艇服务员,因为自己的外形受限而无法实现到一流邮轮上班的愿望。于是一群人开始了对她的评估,最重要的是随后一个星期的从内向外的重塑。七天之后,那个满头小辫儿、穿着恶俗、工作随意的老女人消失。出现的是一个优雅得体充满自信的女士。

单单惊叹于那些专业人士对她改天换日的容貌变化根本不足够,其实让人折服的是一个人只要有信心、乐观并能够从容面对困难,接受别人的帮助和指导,重新挖掘出信心,就可以实现原以为遥不可及的梦想。

我似乎也还有很多的梦。所以,我也应该积极且乐观且谦逊,从容的面对,我相信,我也会能重塑人生!

2006年04月11日

今天是我的生日。除了朋友们送来的短信祝福,并没有过得特别。

只是今天在上课的时候可能因为这个关系,所以本来六节的课程也显得不那么繁重。

希望,心情能时常放松一些。

希望,能够实现一个愿望。

2006年01月18日

在网上有Blog跟一个space就好象有了两块自留地。这两块地反正也是小小的、不惹眼那种。但是随意在里面种点儿东西到了一定的时候,也会有收获的感觉。我不是一个勤快的网上写手,也没有什么特别的见地,不过能在这里随意写点东西不受人限制,说点脏话不被人鄙视,发表一点埋怨不别人制止,就如同在房后的自留地种点儿葱姜蒜,番茄辣椒都不会担心别人不准许说没有价值一样。

最近发生的事情可以说多也可以说少。我只知常常可以睡到自然醒,不用担心没饭吃。这是很多人羡慕的“猪一般的生活”。刚才打电话给一个房地产公司认识的人,他感冒了还要不休息地工作加班。他说羡慕我睡到自然醒。似乎让我突然认识到了这一份“幸福?”。如果这真的是幸福,那么好吧,我愿意暂时过这“猪一般的生活”并快乐着。

今天再给自留地里种点这些杂物,也希望以后看到会有收获的喜悦。

2006年01月10日

i went to my space on msn. that’s free for writing something as blog. i know my things do not worth the money brother paid for "donews". so that’s better i got  a charge-free, at least it’s free at present, space on the net to keep on blogging. it’s http://spaces.msn.com/members/huihan78411

2006年01月02日

2006年的第一天是朋友结婚的日子。从早上到了晚。其实似乎也没有十分的忙,除了最后有几个人醉倒甚至送了医院外。其实婚礼一切正常,直到有人开始狂灌酒,喝到吐喝到哭为止。最后的洞房是乱七八糟,最后到医院更是一团乱麻。到了快凌晨,抢救的人醒了过来,突然才感觉到冬季室外的寒风的威力。人没有了危险,酒店里的新郎也没有什么问题,另外一个醉酒的也逐渐安静下来。那么该是回家的时候了。因为熬夜守着一个病人的确需要一个男的更适合。

我的第一天居然这样度过。

2005年12月31日

又过了一年了。明天就可以用新的台历。我对台历最敏感的时候,是每一次在上面标注上课次数的时候。一个一个划着圈的数字都在证明这一天过得没有那么轻快。一个圈通常表示在师大的四节课,也表示我又挣了220块。这也意味着半个月交给妈妈m的生活费,或者一件或者半件衣服的钱。下个学期,因为接的课程更多所以既辛苦但是也有更多进帐。

明天是一号。蟑螂要结婚了。从早要帮忙到晚上。

和T在网上聊,也有一阵子了。除了T反应慢,我的意思是回答速度慢,一切都很好。大家聊天也很有意思,就是都得熬夜,这一点不太好。

新的一年希望一切顺利。

2005年12月26日

Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
  Passage One
  “Humans should not try to avoid stress any more than they would shun food, love or exercise.” Said Dr. Hans Selye, the first physician to document the effects of stress on the body. While here’s on question that continuous stress is harmful, several studies suggest that challenging situations in which you’re able to rise to the occasion can be good for you..
  In a 2001 study of 158 hospital nurses, those who faced considerable work demands but coped with the challenge were more likely to say they were in good health than those who felt they stress that you can manage also boost immune(免疫的) function. In a study at the Academic Center for Dentistry in Amsterdam, researchers put volunteers through two stressful experiences. In the first, a timed task that required memorizing a list followed by a short test, subjects through a gory(血淋淋的) video on surgical procedures. Those who did well on the memory test had an increase in levels of immunoglobulin A, an antibody that’s the body’s first line of defense against germs. The video-watchers experienced a downturn in the antibody.
  Stress prompts the body to produce certain stress hormones. In short bursts these hormones have a positive effect, including improved memory function. “They can help nerve cells handle information and put it into storage,” says Dr. Bruce McEwen of Rockefeller University in New York. But in the long run these hormones can have a harmful effect on the body and brain.
  “Sustained stress is not good for you,” says Richard Morimoto, a researcher at Northwestern University in Illinois studying the effects of stress on longevity ,”It’s the occasional burst of stress or brief exposure to stress that could be protective.”
  21. The passage is mainly about__c____
  A)how to avoid stressful   B)how to cope with stress effectively
  C)the benefits of manageable tress  D)the effect of stress harmonies on memory
  22. The word “shun”(Line 1,Para.1) most probably means____b____.
   A)cut down on   B)stay away from   C)put up with    D)run out of
  23.We can conclude from the study of the 158 nurses in 2001 that__b_____
   A)people who can’t get their job done experience more stress
   B)doing challenging work may be good for one’s health
   C)stress will weaken the body’s defense against germs
   D)people under stress tend to have a poor memory
  24.In the experiment described in Paragraph 3,the video-watchers experienced a downturn in the antibody because___a___.
   A) the outcome was beyond their control
   B)they knew little about surgical procedures
   C)they felt no pressure while watching the video
  D) the video was not enjoyable at all
  25.Dr. Bruce McEwen of Rockefeller University believes that__d____.
   A)a person’s memory is determined by the level of hormones in his body
  B)a person’s memory improves with continued experience of stress.
   C)stress hormones have lasting positive effects on the brain

D)short bursts of stress hormones enhance memory function
    Passage Two
  Just five one-hundredths of an inch thick, light golden in color and with a perfect “saddle curl,” the Lay’s potato chip seems an unlikely weapon for global domination. But its maker. Frito-Lay. Thinks otherwise.” Potato chips are a snack food for the world,” said Salman Amin, the company’s head of global marketing. Amin believes there is no corner of the world that can resist the charms of a Frito-Lay potato chip.
   Frito-Lay is the biggest snack maker in America. owned by PepsiCo. And accounts for over half of the parent company’s $3 billion annual profits. But the U.S. snack food market is largely saturated, and to grow. the company has to look overseas.
   Its strategy rests on two beliefs: first a global product offers economies of scale with which local brands cannot compete. And second, consumers in the 21st century are drawn to “global” as a concept. ”Global” does not mean products that are consciously identified as American, but ones than consumes-especially young people-see as part of a modem, innovative(创新的)world in which people are linked across cultures by shared beliefs and tastes. Potato chips are an American invention, but most Chinese, for instance, do not know than Frito-Lay is an American company. Instead, Riskey, the company’s research and development head, would hope they associate the brand with the new world of global communications and business.
   With brand perception a crucial factor, Riskey ordered a redesign of the Frito-Lay logo(标识).The logo, along with the company’s long-held marketing image of the “irresistibility” of its chips. would help facilitate the company’s global expansion.
   The executives acknowledge that they try to swing national eating habits to a food created in America, but they deny that amounts to economic imperialism. Rater, they see Frito-Lay as spreading the benefits of free enterprise across the world. “We’re making products in those countries, we’re adapting them to the tastes of those countries, building businesses and employing people and changing lives,” said Steve Reinemund, PepsiCo’s chief executive.
  26.It is the belief of Frito-Lay’s head of global marking that_A____.
  A) People the world over enjoy eating their company’s potato chips
  B) The light golden color enhances the charm of their company’s potato chips
  C) Their company must find new ways to promote domestic sales.
  D) Potato chips can hardly be used as a weapon to dominate the world market
  27.What do we learn about Frito-Lay from Paragraph 2? B
  A) It gives half of its annual profits to its parent company.
  B) It needs to turn to the word market for development.
  C) Its products use to be popular among overseas consumers.
  D) Its expansion has caused fierce competition in the snack marker.
  28.One of the assumptions on which Frito-Lay bases its development strategy is that__D___.
  A)products identified as American will have promising market value
  B)products suiting Chinese consumers’ needs bring more profits
  C)local brands cannot compete successfully with American brands
  D)consumers worldwide today are attracted by global brands
  29.Why did Riskey have the Frito-Lay logo redesigned?  D
  A)To suit changing tastes of young consumers.
  B)To compete with other American chip producers.
  C)To change the company’s long-held marketing image.
  D)To promote the company‘s strategy of globalization.
  30.Frito-Lay‘s executives claim that the promoting of American food in the international market___A__.
  A)will be in the interest of the local people   B)will lead to economic imperialism
  C)won’t spoil the taste of their chips   D)won‘t affect the eating habits of the local people

Passage Three
  If you want to teach your children how to say sorry, you must be good at saying it yourself, especially to your own children. But how you say it can be quite tricky.
   If you say to your children “I’m sorry I got angry with you, but …” what follows that “but” can render the apology ineffective: ” I had a bad day” or “your noise was giving me a headache ” leaves the person who has been injured feeling that he should be apologizing for his bad behavior in expecting an apology.
   Another method by which people appear to apologize without actually doing so is to say “I’m sorry you’re upset” ; this suggests that you are somehow at fault for allowing yourself to get upset by what the other person has done.
   Then there is the general, all covering apology, which avoids the necessity of identifying a specific act that was particularly hurtful or insulting, and which the person who is apologizing should promise never to do again. Saying “I’m useless as a parent” does not commit a person to any specific improvement.
   These pseudo-apologies are used by people who believe saying sorry shows weakness, Parents who wish to teach their children to apologize should see it as a sign of strength, and therefore not resort to these pseudo-apologies.
   But even when presented with examples of genuine contrition, children still need help to become a ware of the complexities of saying sorry. A three-year-old might need help in understanding that other children feel pain just as he does, and that hitting a playmate over the head with a heavy toy requires an apology. A six-year-old might need reminding that spoiling other children’s expectations can require an apology. A 12-year-old might need to be shown that raiding the biscuit tin without asking permission is acceptable, but that borrowing a parent’s clothes without permission is not.
  31.If a mother adds ”but” to an apology,____B____.
   A) the child may find the apology easier to accept
   B) the child may feel that he owes her an apology
   C) she does not realize that the child has been hurt
  D) she doesn’t feel that she should have apologized
  32.According to the author, saying “I’m sorry you’re upset” most probably means”__D_____”
   A)You have good reason to get upset
   B)I apologize for hurting your feelings
   C)I’m at fault for making you upset
  D)I’m aware you’re upset ,but I’m not to blame
  33.It is not advisable to use the general, all-covering apology because__B____.
  A)it is hurtful and insulting
  B)it is vague and ineffective
  C)it may make the other person feel guilty
  D)it gets one into the habit of making empty promises
  34.We learn from the last paragraph that in teaching children to say sorry___A___.
   A)their ages should be taken into account
   B)parents should be patient and tolerant
  C)parents need to set them a good example
  D)the complexities involved should be ignored
  35.It can be inferred from the passage that apologizing properly is __C_______.
   A)not necessary among family members
   B)a sign of social progress
   C) not as simple as it seems
  D)a social issue calling for immediate attention
  Passage Four
  In communities north of Denver, residents are pitching in to help teachers and administrators as the Vrain school District tries to solve a $13.8 million budget shortage blamed on mismanagement. ”We’re worried about our teachers and principals, and we really don’t want to lose them because of this,” one parent sail. “If we can help ease their financial burden, we will. ”
   Teachers are grateful, but know it may be years before the district is solvent(有综合能力的). They feel really good about the parent support, but they realize it’s impossible for then to solve this problem. The 22,000-student district discovered the shortage last month. “It’s extraordinary. Nobody would have imagined something happening like this at this level,” said State Treasurer Mike Coffman.
  Coffman and district officials last week agreed on a state emergency plan freeing yp a $9.8 million loan that enabled the payroll(工资单) to be met for 2,700 teachers and staff in time for the holidays.
  District officials also took $1.7 million from student-activity accounts its 38schools.
  At Coffman’s request, the District Attorney has begun investigating the district’s finances. Coffman says he wants to know whether district officials hid the budget shortage until after the November election., when voters approved a $212 million bond issue for schools.
  In Frederick, students’ parents are buying classroom supplies and offering to pay for groceries and utilities to keep first-year teachers and principals in their jobs.
  Some $36,000 has been raised in donations from Safeway. A Chevrolet dealership donated $10,000 and forgave the district’s $10,750 bill for renting the driver educating cars. IBM contributed 4,500 packs of paper.
  “We employ thousands of people in this community,” said Mitch Carson, a hospital chief executive, who helped raise funds. “We have children in the school, and we see how they could be affected.”
  At Creek High School, three students started a website that displays newspaper articles, district information and an email forum(论坛)。 “Rumors about what’s happening to the district are moving at lighting speed,” said a student. “We wanted to know the truth, and spread that around instead.”
  36.What has happened to the Vrain School District?  C
  A)Lots of teachers in the district are planning to quit.
  B)Many administrative personnel have been laid off.
  C)A huge financial problem has arisen.
  D)Many schools there are mismanaged.
  37.How did the residents in the Vrain School District respond to the budget shortage?  B
  A) They demanded a through investigation.
  B) They pooled their efforts to help solve it.
  C) They accused those responsible for it.
  D)They felt somewhat helpless about it.
  38.In the view of State Treasurer Mike Coffman, the educational budget shortage is___D______.
   A)irreversible  B)insolvable   C)unavoidable   D)unthinkable
  39.Why did Coffman request an investigation?  B
  A)To make sure that the school principals were innocent.
  B)To see if there was a deliberate cover-up of the problem.
  C)To find out the extent of the consequences of the case.
  D)To stop the voters approving the $212 million bong issue.
  40.Three high school students started a website in order to____A______.
  A)keep people properly informed of the crisis
  B)expose officials who neglected their duties
  C)appeal to the public for contributions and donations
  D)attract greater public attention to their needs
  Part III Vocabulary (20minutes)
  41."This light is too___A___ for me to read by. Don’t we have a brighter bulb some where": said the elderly man.
  A) dim B) slight C)mild D)minute
  42.The more a nation‘s companies ___B____factories abroad, the smaller that country‘s recorded exports will be.
  A)lie B) locate C)spot D)stand
  43.Mr.Smith asked his secretary to __C____a new paragraph in the annual report she was typing.
  A) invade B)install C)insert D)inject
  44.The old paper mill has been __D____to make way for a new shopping centre.
  A)held down B)kept down C)cut down D)turn down
  45.My grandfather had always taken a __B_____interest in my work, and I had an equal admiration for the stories of his time.
  A) weighty B) keen C)vague D)splendid

46.If you don’t like to swim, you _A____as well stay at home.
  A) may B)can C)would D)should
  47.Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on July 4,1826,the fiftieth_ __B____of American Independence.
  A)ceremony B) anniversary C)occasion D)occurrence
  48.We are quite sure that we can __D____our present difficulties and finish the task according to schedule.
  A ) get away B)get across C)get off D)get over
  49.Being ignorant of the law is not accepted as an __D____for breaking the law.
  A) option B)intention C)approval D)excuse
  50.We have arranged to go to the cinema on Friday, but we can be __C_____and go another day.
  A) probable B)reliable C)flexible D)feasible
  51.The defense lawyer was questioning the old man who was one of the __A____of the murder committed last month.
  A) witnesses B)audiences C)viewers D)observers
  52.These overseas students show great __C____ for learning a new language.
  A) faith B)authority C)enthusiasm D)convention
  53."You try to get some sleep. I‘ll _B____the patient‘s breakfast, "said the nurse.
  A)get to B)see to C)lead to D)stick to
  54.The bank refused to __A____him any money, so he had to postpone buying a house.
  A) loan B)borrow C)lease D)credit
  55.John cannot afford to go to university, ___B____going abroad.
  A) nothing to speak of B)not to speak of C) anything but D)nothing but
  56.There‘s the living room still to be __A___,so that‘s my next project.
  A) decorated B)dissolved C)assessed D)abandoned
  57.It may be necessary to stop _C_____in the learning process and go back to the difficult points in the lessons.
  A) at case B) at length C)at intervals D) at a distance
  58.Most laboratory and field studies of human behavior __C____taking a situational photograph at a given time and in a given place.
  A) attach B)compose C) involve D)enclose
  59.Yor can hire a bicycle in many places. Usually you‘ll have to pay a ___A______.
  A)deposit B) deal C)fare D)fond
  60.Dr.Smith was always __D____the poor and the sick, often providing them with free medical care.
  A) tended by B)absorbed in C)reminded of D)concerned about
  61..___D_____quantities of water are being used nowadays with the rapid development of industry and agriculture.
  A)Extreme B)Exclusive C)Extensive D)Excessive
  62.To speed up the __D____of letters, the Post Office introduced automatic sorting.
  A)treatment B) transmission C)departure D)delivery
  63.Politically these nations tend to be __B____,with very high birth rates but poor education and very low levels of literacy.
  A) unsteady B)unstable C)rational D)reluctant
  64. The chairman was blamed for letting his secretary ___D_____too much work last week.
  A)take away B)take out C)take to D)take on
  65.The London Marathon is a difficult race.___C____, thousands of runners participate every year.
  A)Therefore B) Accordingly C)Nevertheless D )Furthermore
  66. Some people believe that since oil is scarce, the _C___of the motor industry is uncertain.
  A) estimate B)terminal C)fate D)benefit
  67. It is said in some parts of the world, goats, rather than cows, serve as a vital _B____of milk.
  A)storage B) source C)reserve D)resource
  68. ___A___recent developments we do not think your scheme is practical.
  A) In view of B) In favor of C)In case of D)In memory of
  69. Within two days, the army fired more than two hundred rockets and missiles at military __C___in the coastal city.

A)goals B)destinations C)targets D)aims
  70. Jessica was __B____from the warehouse to the accounting office, which was considered a promotion.
  A)delivered B)transferred C)exchanged D)transformed

  Part IV Close (15 minutes)
  As a physician who travels quite a lot, I spend a lot of time on planes listening for that dreaded “Is there a doctor on board?” announcement. I’ve been 71 only once – for a woman who had merely fainted. But the 72 made me quite curious about how 73 this kind of thing happens I wondered what I would do if 74 with a real midair medical emergency-with out access 75 a hospital staff and the usual emergency equipment. So 76 the New England Journal of Medicine last week 77 a study about in –flight medical events. I read it 78 interest.
   The study estimated that there are a(n) 79 of 30 in-flight medical emergencies on U.S. flights
  every day. Most of them are not 80;fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints. 81 13% of them –roughly four a day – are serious enough to 82 a pilot to change course. The most common of the serious emergencies 83 heart trouble. strokes, and difficulty breathing.
  Let’s face it: plane rides are 84.For starters, cabin pressures at high altitudes are set at roughly 85 they would be if you lived at 5,000 to 8,000 feet above sea level. Most people can tolerate these pressures pretty 86 ,but passengers with heart disease 87 experience chest pains as result of the reduced amount of oxygen flowing through their blood. 88 common in-flight problem is deep venous thrombosis – the so-called economy class syndrome (综合症).89 happens, don’t panic. Things are getting better on the in-flight-emergency front. Thanks to more recent legislation, flights with at 90 one attendant are starting to install emergency medical kits to treat heart attacks.
  71 A) surveyed B) addressed C) called D) Informed    C
   72 A) accident B) incident C) disaster D)condition   A
  73 A)soon B) many C) long D)often  D
   74A) treated B) identified C)provided D) confronted   D
   75A) to B) by C)for D)through   A
   76 A)while B) when C)since D)before   B
   77 A)collected B) discovered C)published D) conducted   C
   78 A)with B)by C) in D)of   A
   79 A)number B)sum C)amount D)average    D

 80 A)significant B)common C)serious D)heavy    C

81 A)For B)But C)So D)Or   B
   82 A)require B)engage C)command D)inspire   A
   83 A)contain B)confine C) include D)imply   C
   84 A)stimulating B)stressful C)tedious D)enjoyable   B
  85 A)who B)which C)that D)what    A
   86 A)easily B)casually C)harshly D)reluctantly    A
   87 A)ought to B)used to C)need D)may   B
   88 A)one B)other C)another D)any    A
   89 A)whichever B)wherever C)whatever D)Whenever   D
   90 A)most B)least C)best D)worst   B
  
  Part V Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists? You should write at Least 120 words following the outline given below :
  1.名校校园正成为旅游新热点

  2.校园是否应对游客开放,人们看法不同
  3.我认为……
  Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists?

2005年12月22日

如果不是同车的老师提醒,已经忘了今天是冬至。按照昭通的习惯,这一天是要吃狗肉的。可能是因为狗肉性热,利于驱寒的缘故。但是在昆明,冬至的饮食习俗成了吃汤圆。估计因为这里的天气不同昭通一样严寒,不用什么驱寒、进补之类的东西。

可是,这两年,昆明的天气越来越冷。就拿今天来说,尽管出太阳但是吹在脸上的风却好像是带着远处山顶的雪和冰的冷度。整天我的手都是冰冷。而且,我还发现,我的脚上已经长出了好几个冻疮。早上穿进皮鞋一走路,就刺痛得厉害。真是惨。