2006年11月03日

美国人的教育是以赞扬为主,激励为主的教育。于是美国人自己总结了鼓励孩子向上的101句鼓励的话。某校校长出访美国马里兰州,正好碰上该州新教师培训,人手一本小册子,是老师在批改学生作业和课堂教学中必须使用的鼓励用语。现奉献给英语教师同行们,这对我们转变教育观念是很有启迪的。现翻译如下,如有不准确之处,请指正。
101 ways to encourage a Child

1. Wow 哇!(叫绝声)

2. Way To Go 就该这么做

3. Super 极好的

4. You’re Special 你不一般

5. Outstanding 杰出的

6. Excellent 优秀的

7. Great 伟大的

8. Good 好的

9. Neat 真整洁

10. Well Done 做得好

11. Remarkable 非凡的

12. I Knew You Could Do It 我知道你能做的

13. I’m Proud Of You 我为你而骄傲

14. Fantastic 太奇妙了

15. Super Star 超级明星

16. Nice Work 干得好

17. Looking Good 看上去不错

18. You’re On Top Of It 你是数一数二的

19. Beautiful 美极了

20. Now You’re Flying 现在你起飞了(进步了)

21. You’re Catching On 你是有吸引力的

22. Now You’ve Got It 现在你做到了

23. You’re Incredible 你简直难以置信

24. You Can Do It 你能做到

25. How Did You Do That? 你怎样完成的?

26. Bravo 好啊!妙!

27. You’re Fantastic 你真太妙了

28. You’re Improving 你在进步

29. Hurray For You 为你喊万岁

30. You’re On Target 你达到目标了
You’re On Your Way 你在前进中

32. How Nice 多好啊

33. Good Job 干的出色

34. That’s Incredible 简直难以置信

35. Hot Dog 热狗

36. Let’s Try Again 再试试

37. Dynamite 非同凡响

38. You’re Beautiful 你太美了

39. You’re Unique 你太不寻常了

40. Nothing Can Stop You Now 现在你已所向无敌了

41. Good For You 为你好

42. I Like You 我喜欢你

43. You’re A Winner 你是赢家

44. I Respect You 我尊敬你

45. You’ll Make It 你一定会成功的

46. Remarkable Job 出色的工作

47. Beautiful Work 完美的工作

48. Spectacular 壮观的,引人入胜的

49. I Like The Way You Handled That 我欣赏你的做法

50. You’re Precious 你是宝贵的

51. Great Discovery 伟大的发现

52. You’ve Discovered The Secret 你已经发现了秘密

53. You’re Making Progress 你正在进步

54. You Figured It Out 你搞懂了

55. Fantastic Job 干的太好了

56. Hip, Hip Hurray 万岁!(喝彩声)

57. Bingo 你成功了

58. I Believe You’ll Handle It 我确信你能行

59. Magnificent 杰出的

60. Marvelous 非凡的
Terrific 太妙了

62. You Really Tried 你确实尽力了

63. Thanks For Helping 感谢你的帮助

64. Super Job 出色完成任务

65. Creative Job 创造性的完成任务

66. Super Work 超级完成任务

67. You’re Sensational 你真令人感动

68. I Like Your Work 我欣赏你的工作

69. I Can See Progress 我已经看到了进步

70. Exceptional Performance 非同一般的表现

71. You’re A Real Trooper 你真实一个好骑手

72. You Are Responsible 你是负责任的

73. You Are Exciting 你真令人激动

74. You Learned It Right 你做对了

75. Look How Far You’ve Come 瞧,你已经有多领先了

76. What An Imagination 多么丰富的想象力!

77. What A Good Listener 多么专注的听众啊!

78. You Are Fun 你真有趣

79. You’re Growing Up 你长大了

80. You Tried Hard 你尽力了

81. You Care 你很认真

82. Outstanding Performance 出色的表现

83. You’re A Good Friend 你是一个好朋友

84. I Have Confidence In Your Judgment 我坚信你的判断

85. I Trust You 我相信你

86. You’re Important 你非常重要

87. You Belong 你属于我们

88. You’ve Got A Friend 你已经得到了一个朋友

89. You Make Me Laugh 你让我开怀大笑

90. You Brighten My Day 你让我今天增辉不少

91. I Respect You 我崇敬你

92. That’s Correct 正确

93. You’re A Joy 你真让人高兴

94. You’re A Treasure 你是个宝

95. You’re Wonderful 你真妙极了

96. Awesome 真了不起

97. You Made My Day 你今天真让我高兴

98. That’s The Best 真出色

99. A Big Hug 热情拥抱你

100. A Big Kiss 亲吻你

101. Say I Love You! 我要说,我爱你!

    中国家庭并不常用电话答录机(Answering Machine),但在北美家庭,几乎家家都用。外来电话拨入时,若该电话号码的主人不在,就会让拨入者听到一段留言,这叫Answer。绝大多数的Answer都是千篇一律的:说明主人不在,请拨入者留下简短信息及姓名电话号码等。
    以下几则特别的 Answer 体现了美国佬的幽默,你能体会出其幽默所在吗?

    My wife and I can‘t come to the phone right now, but if you‘ll leave your name and number, we‘ll get back to you as soon as we‘re finished.

    Hi. This is John. If you are the phone company, I already sent the money. If you are my parents, please send money. If you are my financial aid institution, you didn‘t lend me enough money. If you are my friends, you owe me money. If you are a female, don‘t worry, I have plenty of money.

    Hi, I‘m not home right now but my answering machine is, so you can talk to it instead. Wait for the beep.

    Hi! John‘s answering machine is broken. This is his refrigerator. Please speak very slowly, and I‘ll stick your message to myself with one of these magnets.*(见注)

    Hello, this is Sally‘s microwave. Her answering machine just eloped with her tape deck, so I‘m stuck with taking her calls. Say, if you want anything cooked while you leave your message, just hold it up to the phone.

    Hello, you are talking to a machine. I am capable of receiving messages. My owners do not need siding, windows, or a hot tub, and their carpets are clean. They give to charity through their office and do not need their picture taken. If you‘re still with me, leave your name and number and they will get back to you.

    Hi. I am probably home. I‘m just avoiding someone I don‘t like. Leave me a message, and if I don‘t call back, it‘s you.

    This is not an answering machine — this is a telepathic thought- recording device. After the tone, think about your name, your reason for calling and a number where I can reach you, and I‘ll think about returning your call.

    Hi, this is George. I‘m sorry I can‘t answer the phone right now. Leave a message, and then wait by your phone until I call you back.

    If you are a burglar, then we‘re probably at home cleaning our weapons right now and can‘t come to the phone. Otherwise, we probably aren‘t home and it‘s safe to leave us a message.

    You‘re growing tired. Your eyelids are getting heavy. You feel very sleepy now. You are gradually losing your willpower and your ability to resist suggestions. When you hear the tone you will feel helplessly compelled to leave your name, number, and a message.

    Please leave a message. However, you have the right to remain silent. Everything you say will be recorded and will be used by us.

    Hello, you‘ve reached Jim and Sonya. We can‘t pick up the phone right now, because we‘re doing something we really enjoy. Sonya likes doing it up and down, and I like doing it left to right … real slowly. So leave a message, and when we‘re done brushing our teeth, we‘ll get back to you.

    注释:

    beep:主人的Answer讲完以后,Answer Machine会发出一声beep, 这时候来电话者就可以开始留言了。 
    magnet:磁铁

    *注:通常情况下,来电话者面对录音讲话都不太自然,所以语言往往很急促,三句两句话就完了。这可苦坏了接听留言的主人,听多少遍都听不清留言者到底是谁,讲了些什么。对于母语非英文的人,这种感觉会更深。所以,以下这两段幽默干脆就首先告诉电话拨入者,我的Answer Machine不好使,你且慢慢来。

    elope:私奔 
    tub:浴盆 
    charity :慈善团体
    telepathic:心灵感应术 
    tone:与昨天对 beep 的注释含义完全一样,主人的Answer讲完以后,Answer Machine会发出一声beep, 这时候来电话者就可以开始留言了。 
    burglar:夜贼 
    eyelids:眼皮 
    willpower :毅力 
    feel helplessly compelled to:感到无助而被迫做某事 
    you have the right to remain silent:电影电视里警察出示逮捕令时常讲的一句话。西方社会讲究人权,任何疑犯在未审判之前不得认为有罪,因而不能逼供、更不可拷打:他们有权保持沉默。