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移动端入口之争。2013年伊始,接连两则消息把人们引入对手机操作系统来年变局的遐想。一则是三星与英特尔推出自主操作系统手机;二则Ubuntu发布手机操作系统。目前,移动操作系统市场份额由谷歌、苹果、微软近乎垄断,Tizen的推出是防御还是试水?Ubuntu半路杀入,依然打着全免费开源的旗号,能否成为移动操作系统市场一股新的力量?传阿里云OS欲充血复活,能否分得一杯羹?

为此,iDoNews小牛采访部分了业界人士,有人认为三星和Android已经是共荣共辱的关系,如果说开发Tizen是防御性策略,也仅是备份;而有分析说Ubuntu免费开源将打破Google核心定制的部分的技术垄断,这对整个智能手机生态链将启动重要的发酵作用;也有人质疑说阿里云OS是否具备独立的操作系统身份;当然,还有人说Android太吃硬件,这样架构的系统前景也并不乐观……

更多言论,请查看iDoNews第42期业内人说

听,iDoNews业内人说

三星和英特尔在手机端OS都有所尝试,三星的Bada,英特尔的Meego,但结果都不理想,原因在于英特尔的芯片端和三星的终端定位,都缺乏软件和应用生态的基因。在iOS和安卓几乎垄断市场的前提下,Tizen突围出来的难度大很多。而且三星与英特尔、运营商等松散联盟,各有利益考虑,能否拧成一股绳,也是一个未知数。所以说,除非Tizen改变玩法,又能赶上变革的临界点,否则很难。——曹增光(chinabyte比特网助理总编)

Ubuntu杀入Mobile System领域,我觉得是一极好的信息,目前Android智能机市场占有率非常的高,都知道Android是基于Liunx内核的移动端操作系统,Ubuntu同样也是Liunx内核的操作系统,这些对于手机厂商在选择优势操作系统,会是多了一个选择。Ubuntu说是开源的系统,但开源的尺度能有多大值得期待。Android号称是开源,但还是有很多Google核心定制的部分是不开源的,要是Ubuntu能打破这一技术核心垄断,势必能撬动很多手机厂商来定制自己的免费操作系统,这对整个智能手机生态链将启动重要的发酵作用。——佘桥(移动业务群技术开发中心经理)

目前Android和三星已经是共荣共辱的关系,三星不可能放弃或者怠慢Android,三星的今天与Android密不可分,且目前Android生态系统已经很成熟。如果说开发Tizen是防御性策略,也仅是备份,采用WP也可以,恐怕这背后英特尔的作用最大。Moto犹如扶不起的阿斗,产品和市场定位都存在问题,积重难返,已经很难成为谷歌Android的代言人了。生态系统的建立才是最大的挑战,三星还有Android和WP可以采用,所以不一定会孤注一掷地投入,只是一种补充而已。——孙永杰(科技百万名博)

Tizen有三星和英特尔这个大家,前景应该不成问题,首先三星,有强大得硬件研发能力,和成熟的Android研发团队,三星在手机这一行业已经有很好的口碑,我想这个系统不难拓展,就像以前无人问津得苹果电脑,苹果手机大卖后,电脑也狂售。这也是个趋势,Google收购Moto后,对于Android阵营来说是个威胁,传言HTC、华为也都有开发操作系统得意向。可见操作系统对于一移动电强来说多么得重要。Tizen不一定是试水,再好得东西如果用多了就会腻,就像看美女,看多了也觉得没劲,智能手机的先行者就是一大堆手机玩家,对于他们来说,新鲜才是动力。苹果没出iphone之前,HTC的智能手机也很出色,HTC输给苹果就是因为没有自己优秀的操作系统,只搭载微软得Windows Mobile手机系统,可见HTC当时早有先见之明。虽然无法跟既有硬件基础又有雄厚软件开发能力的苹果相比,但比Symbian优秀。另外,Android有个最大的缺陷,太吃硬件,这是个弊端,Android4.1就700多M基本上都在内存中运行,不用的用得都在内存中,这样如果Android继续升级得话,以前硬件配置较低的用户将无法升级。如果按照Android的架构去架构Windows的话,Win7的RAM至少要20多个G。这样架构的一个系统前景并不太乐观,有人在网上调侃说Android10手机RAM就要30G了。——msc-cang(iDoNews热心网友)

对于三星这种大公司来说开发一套移动操作系统很容易,但要形成“移动操作系统”生态圈不是一件容易的事情。三星更多的考虑应该是一种防守行的想法,毕竟过分依赖Android对他不是一件好事,估计2014年会有Tizen系统的移动设备(手机、平板或其他设备)上市,但这两年不会有大的作为,三星还是会以Android为准,以Winphone8或Tizen为辅。——正在编译(移动应用开发从业者)

按照Ubuntu一贯作风就是把选择权给开发使用者,让其比Android系统更加开放,目前Android还是不够开放,限制在框架内,如果Ubuntu能够免费开源的话,估计会像Webkit似的衍生出更多的第三方的操作系统,最终系统终端界拼的就是整合能力与渠道能力,还要看看Ubuntu的整条体系链是如何的。——马思聪(中国电信北京研究院产品经理)

三星不是原来的小喽啰了,同时可以做三四种系统的手机,近来对于低端市场的介入都越来越少,这是正确的,如果Tizen是三星自己的,放在低端市场随便玩玩没有问题,问题在于Intel不会这么想。退可守这种想法做企业根本不能有,退必是溃败,没有守住的可能,Moto不行,Nokia不行,三星没有理由可以。Tizen不会比Meego有更好的命运,除非Intel改弦更张,至少目前还没看到端倪。三星CPU在2012年只能算是试水,两只斗鸡在一起除了斗,难道还会哥俩好。——胡方禹(科技观察者)

阿里云OS主要是指国内市场,国内市场里Android最大,其次ios,至于WP目前乃至相当长一段时间内还都没有份额,有也是想象出来的。阿里云OS要看阿里打算怎么搞,玩多大,投入多大了,就目前的情况只要舍得投入,联合诸如百里丰等大量二线品牌,推广低端好用的手机,前景看好,会有一定份额。至于Tizen、Ubuntu、包括Sailfish等等操作系统的推出,对自身的意义远大于市场,在没有闭环生态的情况下,前景不明,很可能会在专业行业市场上会有作为。——劉曄liuye(移动互联网观察者)

阿里云OS如果想成就一个独立OS,就得尽量撇清与Android的关系,最好是不兼容Android应用。那么,阿里云OS将和和Firefox OS等一样,没有太大区别,除了阿里系那几个软件外,又去何处构建应用体系?如果兼容Android应用的话,借助阿里系的力量,整合阿里服务,在购物达人等群体中有可能是很受欢迎的,这样一来,又很难摆脱android的标签。从技术深层次分析,其实是很难说清的。所以,从一般的角度来看,阿里云OS是否为独立的OS,关<键在于是否兼容Android应用。——岳麓山下艾婉婷(移动互联网从业者)

目前,移动操作系统市场份额由谷歌、苹果、微软近乎垄断,其实谷歌操作系统发展空间更大些,国内的手机企业应该合理的利用安卓系统的扩张来发展自己,找到一个合适的商业模式非常关键,如商务定位模式。诺基亚最早其实是定位在商务的,其次是三星,但商务的定位并不是通过手机硬件、外观设计来实现的,而是我们每天使用的OS,在这点,定位于商务的三星显然做得不够,公司太大很难深度挖掘细微的需求。阿里云OS应该会选择以电子商务这个业务来作为自己的定位,毕竟他们在这块比较有优势。——至韬百川(iDoNews热心网友)

2012年被谷歌封杀移动操作系统的阿里云并没有从此消失,而是在酝酿再次崛起。对于马云来说,收购或者控股国内中小品牌手机厂商或成为阿里云OS继续生存的唯一选择。——淇淇(IT商业新闻网 编辑)

移动操作系统的未来,恐怕还是iOS和Android的天下,WP系统前景不明。Android上手较为简单,但是深入很难,尤其是保证兼容性很困难,开发维护成本很高,iOS开发起来,相对来说要简单些,兼容性方面基本不用考虑,WP就有点点让人无从适应了。Tizen估计只是昙花一现吧,三星没有行业领导力,Ubuntu是正统的Linux,如果走低端还是有希望的,关键在于有多少厂家、开发者愿意支持。诺基亚投入Microsoft的怀抱,放弃了不该放弃的东西。HTC能够活下来就已经不错了。——WalexySliver(iDoNews热心网友)

随着谷歌收购Moto及微软开始注重硬件,三星Tizen、Ubunto等移动操作系统或许有新的机会,尤其是现在国内的设备厂商过于依赖Android,一旦发生变故会很被动,这些厂商一定会思变。——张雪元(iDoNews热心网友)


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