A bad beginning makes a bad ending.



A bad thing never dies.



A bad workman always blames his tools.



A bird in the hand is worth than two in the bush.



A boaster and a liar are cousins-germen.



A bully is always a coward.



A burden of one’s choice is not felt.



A candle lights others and consumes itself.



A cat has nine lives.



A cat may look at a king.



A close mouth catches no flies.



A constant guest is never welcome.



Actions speak louder than words.



Adversity leads to prosperity.



Adversity makes a man wise, not rich.


A fair death honors the whole life.



A faithful friend is hard to find.



A fall into a pit, a gain in your wit.



A fox may grow gray, but never good.




A friend in need is a friend indeed.



A friend is easier lost than found.



A friend is never known till a man has need.



A friend without faults will never be found.



‘After you’ is good manners.



A good beginning is half done.



A good beginning makes a good ending.



A good book is a good friend.



A good book is the best of friends, the same today and forever.



A good conscience is a soft pillow.



THE leaders of 17 countries gathered in France last weekend to mark the 60th anniversary of D-Day. This was the allied invasion of the Normandy coast in German-controlled France on June 6, 1944, which led to the surrender of Nazi Germany in World War II.     

The guests included US President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Russian President Vladimir Putin and the host, President Jacques Chirac of France. Also present was Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, the first German leader ever to take part in the D-Day remembrance event.     
Chirac said he wanted “both a festival, with moments of seriousness, and a signal that finally we can live in peace.”

Though this invitation to Germany was criticized by some, Hamlaoui Mekachera, French War Veterans Minister, said it is time to turn the page.     
“We want to use the past for the future and the future for us is the building of a lasting peace,” he said. “When the past serves this lasting peace, why not?”     

The event also saw France try to ease tension with the US following Chirac’s opposition to the war in Iraq. The Legion of Honour, the country’s highest award, was presented to 300 veterans, including 100 Americans, at a June 5 ceremony in Paris.

This was a friendly sign to assure Americans that France remembers, and remains thankful for their support and sacrifices during World War II .     


there’s a place in your heart
and i know that it is love
and this place could be much
brighter than tomorrow
and if you really try
you’ll find there’s no need to cry
in this place you’ll feel
there’s no hurt or sorrow
there are ways to get there
if you care enough for the living
make a little space
make a better place …
heal the world
make it a better place
for you and for me
and the entire human race
there are people dying
if you care enough for the living
make it a better place
for you and for me
if you want to know why
there’s love that cannot lie
love is strong
it only cares of joyful giving
if we try we shall see
in this bliss we cannot feel
fear od dread
we stop existing and start living
the it feels that always
love’s enough for us growing
so make a better world
make a better place …
heal the world
make it a better place
for you and for me
and the entire human race
there are people dying
if you care enough for the living
make a better place for you and for me
and the dream we were conceived in
will reveal a joyful face
and the world we once believed in
will shine again in grace
then why do we keep strangling life
wound this earth, crucify its soul
though it’s plain to see
this world is heavenly
be god’s glow
we could fly so high
let our spirits never die
in my heart i feel you are all my brothers
create a world with no fear
together we cry happy tears
see the nations turn their swords into plowshares
we could really get there
if you cared enough for the living
make a little space
to make a better place …

heal the world
make it a better place
for you and for me
and the entire human race
there are people dying
if you care enough for the living
make a better place for you and for me

there are pepole dying
if you care enough for the living
make a better place for you and for me

you and for me …

MEN today are more handsome than their ancestors. That’s because “choosy” women got the upper hand in the battle for sexual power, say scientists.

As our ancestors evolved, the ability to attract a female mate changed. Good looks may have become more important than the ability to fight off male rivals, suggests a new study.

By studying the faces of chimpanzees, gorillas and other monkeys, researchers in Germany and the University of Cambridge have come to believe that our ancestors may have sacrificed fighting for mating in other ways, reports New Scientist magazine.

“Our research suggests that in early humans, a face that was attractive had an advantage,” says Eleanor Weston at the Research Institute Senckenberg in Frankfurt, Germany.

Weston says that changes were probably caused by choosy females who began to demand handsomeness, not physical force.

Prominent teeth that still indicate a male’s power and fighting ability in many primates like baboons and gorillas, may have been replaced by less aggressive teeth and looks.

Broader faces with prominent cheekbones, not unlike those of contemporary movie stars — including Orlando Bloom of the UK, Johnny Depp and Viggo Mortensen of the US — were preferred by females.

Sexual selection was starting to be driven by the attractiveness of a male’s face in the chimpanzees, believes Weston. This went together with the development of broader faces with more prominent cheekbones.


ARE you happy with your office? Have you ever imagined what you would find in tomorrow’s office? Well, just take a tour to see what US scientists have prepared for you:

Universities, government labs, and companies like IBM, Microsoft, and US office-furniture maker Steelcase are making plans to change the office environment.

They include: chairs that sense when you’re stressed out and will, perhaps, tell your boss to take away some of your work; PCs that can figure out during your uncertain moments where you’ve seen an unfamiliar name; and desktops that, with a push of a button, transform themselves into a computer monitor to help discussions during a roundtable meeting.

These ideas have one goal in common: To raise white-collar productivity.The idea is to continue the inventions that have transformed offices over the past 15 years. As recently as 1990, voice mail was still being introduced. Email was largely self-contained within companies — attending a meeting in another city meant going there.

Since then, Net communication — such as email, instant messaging, and videoconferencing — has sped up both work and business decisions.

Now, the need for increased efficiency to meet the needs of mobile employees has experts saying that office innovation is about to take another leap.

For example, to adapt products to the mobile workstyle, Microsoft is working on allowing an email or voice-mail message to arrive at whatever computer or phone you’re closest to. Drop your cell phone on your desk when you arrive at work, and special chips in it will route cell calls to your office number, the company says.

Better software can also make collaboration more effective. Surveys show that employees think that half the time they spend in meetings is wasted. So a number of companies, including Microsoft, have developed digital white boards. These are built into desks to allow everyone in a meeting to jot down ideas.

Videoconferencing should improve dramatically as well. In its model office, Microsoft uses cameras to project a 360-degree view of everyone at the table for employees who join a meeting remotely. In an inset screen at the bottom of the first display, they might also show the face of each person who speaks. The idea is to avoid misunderstandings that are common to phone conferencing.

Smart software might boost efficiency in other ways. For instance, it could take over routine tasks and leave more time for creative thinking. Sandia National Laboratories is developing a programme that lets a PC or other computing device take in the knowledge within your files. In that way, you can retrieve information based on the data you’d like to find rather than using a file name, says Chris Forsythe, a member of Sandia’s technical staff.

A more advanced version of this software would know that you’ve been called away during a conference call, and it would give you a typed summary of the most important points the caller discussed. Essentially, it would act as a personal assistant, says Forsythe.

Meanwhile, researchers at the Palo Alto (California) Research Centre are developing programmes that should help an office worker who’s been asked to develop a 400-page report overnight, says Mark Stefik. The programme can sum up the main points and present them in grammatically correct sentences in just a few pages.

Another way to accomplish that is for employees to wear a badge with radio-frequency identification. As you approach your office, a scanner might read the badge and tell your computer, which would then open to the page you last read.

However, experts say that many of these technologies will have to get cheaper before they can be commercialized. And because office furniture typically has a 10-year lifespan, replacement will be gradual.


WHEN people in Australia asked me what I planned to do for the next few months I told them, I was going to work at a newspaper in China. If any of them asked whether I knew any Chinese, I simply answered “no.” Whenever someone inquired whether I thought that would make things difficult, I simply answered “yes.”

When I arrived in China I got the sense that I was alone. This was not because of a lack of friendly faces or helpful co-workers. They were everywhere. It was because of my limited Chinese language skills and notions of cultural practice.

Here I was attempting to live in this country and get used to the Chinese lifestyle, all on about six words or phrases — most of which slipped my mind when I panicked.

I felt embarrassed when I was asked a question and all I could do was looking blankly at the person. Even the trusty phrase — “wo bu dong” — usually left my brain as I stood with my mouth slightly ajar.

Of course, there are certain ways to get around the language barrier. I instantly became good at using sign language and pointing to things instead of using words.

Pulling my hands out of my pockets and gesticulating madly has worked wonders in many situations already. And people seem keen to help out in any way they can, even if it is just with a friendly grin.

I find myself thankful that I have come to a country where people are very friendly and helpful.

Upon visiting Tian’anmen Square, I was taken aback by the number of local people eager to chat to me in my native English, either to practice their language skills or show me around their famous square.

I felt frustrated that I could not offer the same level of conversation in their native tongue. But my inability to communicate certainly did not take away from my experience at Tian’anmen Square. I was struck by its immense size, the grandeur of the temples, and I was impressed by the discipline of the army as they took down the flag as the sun disappeared.

The most satisfying part of the day for me, however, was the fact that I had accomplished my mission, to find and discover Tian’anmen, with relative ease. I felt on top of the world as I got on the bus and paid for my fare, all without understanding anything that was said to me beyond “xie xie”.

For the short time that I have been living alone with no language skills, I have been forced to think for myself, and to think on my feet. It is an invaluable life experience, and creates challenge after challenge.

I hope that my Chinese improves as I spend more time in the country. But while I practice I always have ten good fingers for pointing.

slip:            vi.滑倒;错过;变弱;减退;迅速穿衣
panick:       =panic n.惊慌;恐慌
a’jar:            adj. or adv.半开的(地);不和谐的(地);冲突的(地)
barrier:       n.界线;障碍
grin:            v. or n.露齿而笑;露出牙齿
frus’trate:   vt.使受挫;破坏;使挫败;使无用;使心情沮丧
struck:        vt.(strike的过去式)打;打动;迷住;采取;删除;停止
i’mmense:   adj.极广大的;无限的;巨大的;[口语]极妙的;极好的
grandeur:   n.庄严;雄伟;伟大;尊贵
discipline:   n.纪律;训练;教训;风纪;惩戒


CICADAS that appear from underground only once every 17-years are making big news in the US.     

The first signs are little holes in parks and fields. Then, big, red-eyed bugs start crawling out.      

Thousands of these black, winged insects cover sidewalks, mailboxes, tree branches, and roofs across certain areas of America.     
Many insect lovers are going out to parks to observe what scientists believe to be the largest emergence of an insect group
in history.     
But you don’t have to live in the US to study the amazing bugs that inhabit our world. Summer is coming. With it come warm
days and many chances to have a look at bugs. These creatures keep our ecosystems running and make up the majority of our planet’s population!      
Many people use the words “bugs” and “insects” to refer to anything with more than four legs. But an insect actually has six
legs, a three-part body, and an exoskeleton, which is a skeleton on the outside of its body. Ants, butterflies and cicadas are all insects.     
Insects keep our environment working by recycling garbage and dead plants. They serve as food for animals, and pollinate
plants. Doctors have even found ways of using them in medical treatments to help sick people.      
Tracking down insects to watch can be as simple as going to your local park to look for ants, or as complicated as walking
out into the woods to find rare beetles. Just look carefully and be patient, and something will turn up.      

If you want to do more than just watch, you can collect bugs. Take along a butterfly net to catch flying insects and tweezers
to pick up bugs. Take clean, empty food jars with small air holes poked in the lids, so you can keep the bugs for a little while, perhaps overnight.     
Great creatures to look out for during summer include beetles, butterflies and dragonflies. However, creatures to watch but
not disturb are spiders, bees, wasps, and centipedes. All of them may leave a painful bite if you touch them and some bites can be dangerous.      
When handling and watching the insects you find, remember: they may look different from us, but they have many of the same
feelings, such as fear and pain.      
Have a look, but no poking or pinching, please!     


CHINA is now the world’s biggest maker of pianos and guitars and is moving into other parts of the musical instrument industry. And the biggest producer is Pearl River Piano. It estimates that it will make half a million guitars and 80,000 pianos this year.

“With our good quality and low prices, our products will be successful,” Tong Zhicheng, general manager of Pearl River, told BusinessWeek magazine.
Tong has been with Pearl River for 44 years.

But, China now has around 1,000 instrument manufacturers, according to the China Musical Instrument Association. They made 3 million guitars and 343,500 pianos last year.

Only a few Chinese companies make the best instruments. Most of the output is low-quality and will stay in the domestic market. Still, exports are growing.

Meanwhile, China’s increased instrument production is pushing prices down. In the US, you can now find a good piano for less than US$2,000.

“Because of China, our average retail price in 2003 was 10 per cent lower than in 2002,” Richard Ash, chief executive of Sam Ash Music, a retailer with 41 outlets in 13 US states, told BusinessWeek.

Today, more than a third of the products Ash sells come from China.

In the past five months, Steinway Musical Instruments has closed two US factories that make saxophones and clarinets and is buying more low-cost instruments from China.

The company insists its products still won’t be made in China. But it’s clear that demand for more expensive instruments has dropped.

This is not about the US exporting jobs. Production of lower-level instruments left the US long ago. It went to Japan, then to Korea, then Indonesia. It’s those countries that will lose jobs in the shift to China.

Japan’s Yamaha is the world’s biggest instrument maker. It has a joint venture with Pearl River and is opening its own plant in Guangzhou, this fall. Korea’s Samick Musical Instruments plans to double annual capacity in Tianjin, to 60,000 pianos, by 2008. Its production in Korea fell to 40,000 pianos in 2003 from 200,000 a decade ago.

The market still has a lot of room.

Fewer than 1 per cent of Chinese households today own pianos, compared with around 20 per cent in developed countries. So, there’s plenty of room there.

Many high-end musical instruments are still US brands. These include the US$50,000 Steinway & Sons pianos and US$2,000 Gibson Les Paul guitars. Those are the brands consumers typically seek as incomes grow.


February has long been a month of romance. With the sweet smell of roses in the air, romantic films hit cinemas and love stories fill newspapers and magazines.

On the 14th day, it is customary for a boy to take his girlfriend out to dinner, buy her flowers and chocolates, write poems, sing to her or even spell out her name with rose petals!
This is the scene that greets you on Valentine’s Day, named after Valentine who was a priest in third century Rome. When the emperor decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives, he banned marriage.
But Valentine continued to perform marriage ceremonies for young lovers in secret. When his actions were discovered, the emperor had him put to death..    

While in prison, it is said that Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his prison guard. Before his death, he wrote her a letter, which he signed “From your Valentine”, an expression that is still in use today.
Valentine died for what he believed in and so was made a Saint, as well as becoming one of history’s most romantic figures.
Nowadays, Valentine’s Day wins the same popularity among Chinese young people. It is a time when students “don’t want to be alone” according to Gao Shunjie, a student reporter for 21st Century Teens in Jinling High School, Nanjing. Some of her classmates are planning to make Valentine’s cards for parents, teachers and friends. Others want to hold parties at which they will exchange small gifts and eat heart-shaped cakes. The idea is to have fun and encourage people to share in the spirit of St. Valentine.


01. I’m an office worker.

02. I work for the government.

03. I’m happy to meet you.

04. I like your sense of humor.

05. I’m glad to see you again.

06. I’ll call you.

07. I feel like sleeping/taking a walk.

08. I want something to eat.

09. I need your help.

10. I would like to talk to you for a minute.

11. I have a lot of problems.

12. I hope our dreams come true.

13. I’m looking forward to seeing you.

14. I’m supposed to go on a diet/get a raise.

15. I heard that you’re getting married.  Congratulations.

16. I see what your mean.

17. I can’t do this.

18. Let me explain why I was late.

19. Let’s have a beer or something.

20. Where is your office?

21. What is your plan?

22. When is the store closing?

23. Are you sure you can come by at nine?

24. Am I allowed to stay out past 10?

25. The meeting was scheduled for two hours, but it is not over yet.

26. Tom’s birthday is this week.

27. Would you care to see it/sit down for a while?

28. Can you cover for me on Friday/help me/tell me how to get there?

29. Could you do me a big favor?

30. He is crazy about Crazy English.

31. Can you imagine how much he paid for that car?

32. Can you believe that I bought a TV for $25?

33. Did you know he was having an affair/cheating on his wife?

34. Did you hear about the new project?

35. Do you realize that all of these shirts are half off?

36. Do you mind if I take tomorrow off?

37. I enjoy working with you very much.

38. Did you know that Stone ended up marrying his secretary?

39. Let’s get together for lunch.

40. How did you do on your test?

41. Do you think you can come?

42. How was your weekend ?

43. Here is my card.

44. He is used to eating out all the time.

45. I’m getting a new computer for birthday present.

46. Have you ever driven a BMW?

47. How about if we go tomorrow instead?

48. How do you like Hong Kong?

49. How do you want your steak?

50. How did the game turn out?

51. How did Mary make all of her money?

52. How was your date?

53. How are you doing with your new boss?

54. How should I tell him the bad news?

55. How much money did you make?

56. How much does it cost to go abroad?

57. How long will it take to get to your house?

58. How long have you been here?

59. How nice/pretty/cold/funny/stupid/boring/interesting.

60. How about going out for dinner?

61. I’m sorry that you didn’t get the job.

62. I’m afraid that it’s not going to work out.

63. I guess I could come over.

64. Is it okay to smoke in the office?

65. It was kind of exciting.

66. I know what you want.

67. Is that why you don’t want to go home?

68. I’m sure we can get you a great/good deal.

69. Would you help me with the report?

70. I didn’t know he was the richest person in the world.

71. I’ll have to ask my boss/wife first. 

72. I take it you don’t agree.

73. I tried losing weight, but nothing worked.

74. It doesn’t make any sense to get up so early.

75. It took years of hard work to speak good English.

76. It feels like spring/ I’ve been here before.

77. I wonder if they can make it.

78. It’s not as cold / hot as it was yesterday. 

79. It’s not his work that bothers me; it’s his attitude.

80. It sounds like you enjoyed it.

81. It seems to me that he would like to go back home.

82. It looks very nice.

83. Is everything under control?

84. I thought you could do a better job.

85. It’s time for us to say “No” to America.

86. The show is supposed to be good.

87. It really depends on who is in charge.

88. It involves a lot of hard work.

89. That might be in your favor.

90. I didn’t realize how much this meant to you.

91. I didn’t mean to offend you.

92. I was wondering if you were doing anything this weekend.

93. May I have your attention , please?

94. This is great golfing/swimming/picnic weather.

95. Thanks for taking me the movie.

96. I am too tired to speak.

97. Would you tell me your phone number?

98. Where did you learn to speak English?

99. There is a TV show about AIDS on right now.

100. What do you think of his new job/this magazine?