2004年05月27日

Una: I’m a little worried about Sunday.


Carol: Is that when your mother moves in?


Una: Yes. I have mixed feelings about the situation. I grew up here in the States and I like living independently, but my family is Chinese and I feel that it’s my responsibility to have my mother live with us now that she’s alone.


Carol: And you have such a young family! I’m not sure I could do it.


Una: Well, she’ll help with the children and they’ll grow up knowing her really well. I just hope we don’t drive each other crazy!


VOCABULARY
moves in                          = to move into a home
I have mixed feelings    = I have good and bad feelings
drive each other crazy  = make each other angry

I’m usually late, but this morning I got up(=rose) early and got(=prepared) myself some breakfast. Before I got out(=left ) the door, I had to get(=answer) the phone and get(= obtain) my papers together. Luckily, I got(=catched) the bus on time and got(=arrived) to work early. I was excited, but when I told my boss, she said, “Better get(=begin) to work.” She didn’t get(=understand) it.


What is slang? Slang is informal language. It’s often used in conversation.
The purpose of slang is to state an idea in a new way. Often, slang uses word play, humor, exaggeration, or pronunciation. One of two things happens to slang: it dies out, or it is used for a long time and becomes accepted as good usage.


These words were all slang at one time. Which words are still used today?


skidoo (go away)
guy (man)
posh (luxurious)
ANSWERS: 2 and 3 are used today and they are considered acceptable words.


Slang is challenging to learn in a second language. Slang changes from place to place and person to person.


slang:               n.俚语;术语;行话;
                            v.谩骂,辱骂
humor:            n.幽默,诙谐,幽默感;滑稽;气质;性格
                            vt.迎合;迁就;适应;变通
exagge’ration:n.夸张;夸大;夸张的语言;夸张的手法

To be named for (something) or named after (something or someone) is a frequently used expression in English. Read this paragraph about how the state of Florida got its name.


Florida is the 27th state in the United States. The state was purchased from Spain between the years 1819 and 1821 for the amount of $200,000. The name “Florida” comes from the Spanish word for “flowery.” When the Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon first saw the east coast of Florida in 1513 it was the time of the Spanish Easter holiday. He named the very green, beautiful land he viewed “Pascua Florida” or “Flowery Easter.”


When we say that a person is named after someone, it means that they were given the name of a relative or another person. I was named after my Aunt Irene. Florida was named for the Spanish words, “Flowery Easter.”


Florida is known as the Sunshine State. It produces and exports a fruit product that is very popular both in the United States and around the world. Do you know what it is? Orange juice! Citrus fruit like oranges, grapefruit, lemons and limes is grown in Florida and it is one of the biggest exports from that state. When people think of Florida, they usually think of oranges and orange juice. The State Flower of Florida is the orange blossom, the flower of the orange tree!


Because it is warm and sunny almost year-round, Florida is one of the most popular vacation spots in the United States. It is the home of Disney World, a place where many families bring their children on vacation. People enjoy visiting Florida because of its many beautiful beaches and islands.

John and David are at Stefan’s party.


John: Hello, my name is John. What’s your name?


David: My name is David. I work with Stefan at the bank.


John: I go to school with Stefan at the university.


David: John, I would like you to meet my friend Nancy.


John: Hi, Nancy. It’s nice to meet you.


Nancy: Hello, John. It’s nice to meet you, too. Do you want to dance?


Practice introducing yourself by coming to the Hosted Chat or About English Forum!

Letters are very different from e-mails. When you write a letter to a friend you must start with Dear and your friend’s name, for example, Dear Sarah and when you finish you must write love and your name or Best Wishes and your name. When you write an e-mail you can also start with Dear and your friend’s name or just write Hello or Hi or just your friend’s name and then finish with your name.
Some people think that e-mails will change the way people write in the future. Who knows?