2004年05月28日

ad/advertisement                                                             广告
agony column                                                                    答读者问专栏;私事广告专栏
anecdote                                                                             趣闻轶事
around nation                                                                    国内新闻
around the country                                                          国内新闻版
around the world                                                              国际新闻版
backgrounding                                                                  新闻背景
blurb                                                                                  商品信息
book page                                                                          书评专页
book review                                                                      书评
books                                                                                 书评
brief                                                                                   简讯;简明新闻
briefing                                                                              简报
budget                                                                               要闻索引
bulletin                                                                              新闻简报
business/trade                                                                 商业/贸易
business                                                                             商业版
campus life                                                                        校园生活
candid camera                                                                  抓拍镜头;有照为凭
caricature                                                                          漫画;讽刺画
cartoon                                                                              漫画
chitchat column                                                               闲话栏
city                                                                                    本市新闻版
city edition                                                                       本市新闻版
city page                                                                           金融和商业新闻版
classified ads/classified davertising                             分类广告
column                                                                             专栏;栏目
comic strip                                                                       连环画
continued story                                                              连载故事
correspondence column                                                读者来信栏
cover story                                                                    (杂志)封面报道
critique                                                                            评论
crossword                                                                       猜字游戏;纵横填字字谜
culture/science                                                              文化/科学
digest                                                                              文摘
document                                                                       文件摘要
domestic                                                                         国内新闻
domestic news                                                               国内新闻
double dayoff supplement                                           双休特刊
economics and business                                               经贸版
editor’s note                                                                   编者按
editorial page/editorials                                               社论版;言论版
employment advertising                                              招聘广告
entertainment                                                                娱乐版
essay                                                                               杂文;随笔;小品文
evening digest                                                                晚报文摘
events/trends                                                                事件/动向
exclusive                                                                         独家新闻
expose                                                                             新闻曝光
feature/featurearticle/features/feature story         特写/专稿/特稿
films around the world                                                 环球影视
focus                                                                                新闻焦点
from the chinese fress                                                  中国报刊摘要
global                                                                               国际新闻
going out guide                                                               旅游指南
gossip                                                                              社会新闻
home news                                                                     国内新闻
hot news                                                                         热点新闻;新闻热点
idioms and their stories                                               成语典故
in brief                                                                            简讯;简明新闻
index/index to subjects                                               内容索引;要目索引
in history                                                                        历史掌故
inside/vinside today                                                     今日要目;今日要闻;今日各版
international news                                                        国际新闻
interview                                                                        采访记;访问记;访谈录
in the chinese press                                                      中国报刊摘要
issues in the news                                                         新闻热点


kaleidoscope                                                                  万花筒
last-minute news                                                          最后新闻
latest news                                                                     最新新闻
leader                                                                              社论
letter from overseas                                                     海外来信
letter to the editor                                                        读者来信
life/lifestyle                                                                    生活版
light literature                                                               通俗文学;通俗文艺
local                                                                                本地要闻;地方新闻
mini-story                                                                     微型新闻;微型消息;微型报道
mini-torial                                                                     短评
national/national news                                                国内新闻版
news                                                                               消息;新闻报道
news brief                                                                      简讯;简明新闻
news bulletin                                                                 新闻简报;新闻公告
news commentary                                                        新闻评论
news feature                                                                  新闻特写
news in brief                                                                  简明新闻
newsline                                                                         时事经纬
note                                                                                 随笔
notes from the editors                                                  编译评论
notice                                                                              启事
obit                                                                                  讣告
opinion                                                                            言论版
our letter                                                                        读者来信
pegging                                                                           新闻背景
people in the news                                                        新闻人物
people of the week                                                        本周风云人物
personal/personal column                                           私人广告;人事要闻
photo news                                                                     新闻图片报道
pictorial                                                                           画刊;画报
pony edition                                                                   浓缩版
pony report                                                                    每日要闻报道;每日新闻摘要
press digest                                                                    报刊文摘;新闻简报
press notice                                                                    短评
press release                                                                  新闻公告
profile                                                                             人物专访


readers write                                                                 习作园地
readers’ forum                                                               读者论坛
recap                                                                               简明新闻
recruitment advertising                                               招聘广告
review                                                                             评论
round-up                                                                        综合报道;综述
running story                                                                 连载故事
science/medicine                                                           科学/医学版
section                                                                             专栏;栏目
serials                                                                              连载故事
shirttail                                                                           社论栏;附注
side story                                                                       花絮新闻;趣闻
sidebar/sidelight                                                           花絮新闻;趣闻
situations vacant                                                           招聘广告
situationer                                                                      新闻综述
society column                                                               社交新闻栏
society                                                                             社交版
sponsored section                                                          特约专版
sports                                                                              体育版
sports arena                                                                   体育大世界
sports page                                                                     体育版
squib                                                                                小品文;随笔
stage and screen                                                            舞台荧屏
stocks                                                                              股市版
strip cartoon                                                                   连环漫画
strip                                                                                 连环画
summary                                                                        新闻摘要;内容提要
supplement                                                                    增刊;副刊;特刊


telephoto(graph)                                                      传真照片
think piese                                                                      时事短评
this week                                                                        一周要闻
thought of the week                                                      本周思考
titbit                                                                                花絮;趣闻;花边新闻
today’s contents/today’s section                                今日要目;今日要闻;今日各版
today’s world                                                                环球采风
to our readers                                                               致读者;告读者
tourism                                                                          旅游
travelogue/travels                                                       游记
update                                                                            最新消息;最后消息
weekend supplement                                                  周末增刊
weekly ewents/weekly highlights                             一周要闻;一周大事
what’s on                                                                       影视指南
wise saying                                                                   至理名言
world glimpse                                                              海外掠影
world news                                                                   国际新闻
your english tutor                                                        英语辅导
your letter                                                                    读者来信

中式早点
烧饼     Clay oven rolls
油条     Fried bread stick
韭菜盒    Fried leek dumplings
水饺     Boiled dumplings
蒸饺     Steamed dumplings
馒头     Steamed buns
割包     Steamed sandwich
饭团     Rice and vegetable roll
蛋饼     Egg cakes
皮蛋     preserved egg
咸鸭蛋    Salted duck egg
豆浆     Soybean milk 


饭类
稀饭     Rice porridge
白饭     Plain white rice
油饭     Glutinous oil rice
糯米饭    Glutinous rice
卤肉饭    Braised pork rice
蛋炒饭    Fried rice with egg
地瓜粥    Sweet potato congee


面类
馄饨面    Wonton & noodles
刀削面    Sliced noodles
麻辣面    Spicy hot noodles
麻酱面    Sesame paste noodles
鴨肉面    Duck with noodles
鱔魚面    Eel noodles
乌龙面    Seafood noodles
榨菜肉丝面  Pork , pickled mustard green noodles
牡蛎细面   Oyster thin noodles
板条     Flat noodles
米粉     Rice noodles
炒米粉    Fried rice noodles
冬粉     Green bean noodle


汤类
鱼丸汤    Fish ball soup
貢丸汤    Meat ball soup
蛋花汤    Egg & vegetable soup
蛤蜊汤    Clams soup
牡蛎汤    Oyster soup
紫菜汤    Seaweed soup
酸辣汤    Sweet & sour soup
馄饨汤    Wonton soup
猪肠汤    Pork intestine soup
肉羹汤    Pork thick soup
鱿鱼汤    Squid soup
花枝羹    Squid thick soup


甜点
爱玉     Vegetarian gelatin
糖葫芦    Tomatoes on sticks
长寿桃    Longevity Peaches
芝麻球    Glutinous rice sesame balls
麻花     Hemp flowers
双胞胎    Horse hooves


冰类
绵绵冰    Mein mein ice
麦角冰    Oatmeal ice
地瓜冰    Sweet potato ice
紅豆牛奶冰  Red bean with milk ice
八宝冰    Eight treasures ice
豆花     Tofu pudding


果 汁
甘蔗汁    Sugar cane juice
酸梅汁    Plum juice
杨桃汁    Star fruit juice
青草茶    Herb juice


点 心
牡蛎煎    Oyster omelet
臭豆腐    Stinky tofu
油豆腐    Oily bean curd
麻辣豆腐   Spicy hot bean curd
虾片     Prawn cracker
虾球     Shrimp balls
春卷     Spring rolls
蛋卷     Chicken rolls
碗糕     Salty rice pudding
筒仔米糕   Rice tube pudding
红豆糕    Red bean cake
绿豆糕    Bean paste cake
糯米糕    Glutinous rice cakes
萝卜糕    Fried white radish patty
芋头糕    Taro cake
肉圆     Taiwanese Meatballs
水晶饺    Pyramid dumplings
肉丸     Rice-meat dumplings
豆干     Dried tofu


其他
当归鸭    Angelica duck
槟榔     Betel nut
火锅                    Hot pot

CHINA’S TV manufacturers are preparing to file an appeal against what they consider an
unfair anti-dumping ruling with the US Court of International Trade. But they haven’t made a
final decision yet.


The US International Trade Commission ruled Friday that cheaper Chinese televisions were
hurting US industry and threatening the jobs of more than 3,000 American workers.


The Chinese products could face import duties of as much as 78 per cent, despite protests by
US retailers such as Wal-Mart. They say that Chinese televisions serve the low-end US market
sector that domestic producers are not interested in.


Major Chinese producers will face duties ranging from 5.2 per cent to 26.4 per cent. The
duties are scheduled to go into effect by early June and continue for five years.


They follow a year-long enquiry that began with a complaint from labour unions and Five
Rivers Electronic Innovations, a US television assembler that makes TVs for companies like
Samsung.


The Chinese companies have denied the charges that they sell their TVs for unfairly low
prices.


A Sichuan Changhong spokesman said they would join other TV makers in responding to this
ruling.


The Konka Group, of Shenzhen, said they were indignant about the ruling and were considering
ways to counter the US ruling.
 
anti-dumping:anti-表示“反,抗,阻,被,退,排斥”,反倾销的
com’mission:   n.委任状;授权;委托;佣金;回扣;委员会
                            vt.委任;委托做某事
retailer:           n.零售商;传播(谣言等)的人
sector:             n.[数]扇形;扇形面;防御地段;分区;部分;部门;函数尺
en’quiry:         n.=inquiry,询问;问题;调查
com’plaint:      n.抱怨者;诉苦者;控告者;抗议者;[法律]原告;控诉人
inno’vation:     n.革新,改革;新方法;新事物;新制度;新设施;新发明;新机轴
in’dignant:       adj.愤慨的;不平的

2004年05月27日

Una: I’m a little worried about Sunday.


Carol: Is that when your mother moves in?


Una: Yes. I have mixed feelings about the situation. I grew up here in the States and I like living independently, but my family is Chinese and I feel that it’s my responsibility to have my mother live with us now that she’s alone.


Carol: And you have such a young family! I’m not sure I could do it.


Una: Well, she’ll help with the children and they’ll grow up knowing her really well. I just hope we don’t drive each other crazy!


VOCABULARY
moves in                          = to move into a home
I have mixed feelings    = I have good and bad feelings
drive each other crazy  = make each other angry

I’m usually late, but this morning I got up(=rose) early and got(=prepared) myself some breakfast. Before I got out(=left ) the door, I had to get(=answer) the phone and get(= obtain) my papers together. Luckily, I got(=catched) the bus on time and got(=arrived) to work early. I was excited, but when I told my boss, she said, “Better get(=begin) to work.” She didn’t get(=understand) it.


What is slang? Slang is informal language. It’s often used in conversation.
The purpose of slang is to state an idea in a new way. Often, slang uses word play, humor, exaggeration, or pronunciation. One of two things happens to slang: it dies out, or it is used for a long time and becomes accepted as good usage.


These words were all slang at one time. Which words are still used today?


skidoo (go away)
guy (man)
posh (luxurious)
ANSWERS: 2 and 3 are used today and they are considered acceptable words.


Slang is challenging to learn in a second language. Slang changes from place to place and person to person.


slang:               n.俚语;术语;行话;
                            v.谩骂,辱骂
humor:            n.幽默,诙谐,幽默感;滑稽;气质;性格
                            vt.迎合;迁就;适应;变通
exagge’ration:n.夸张;夸大;夸张的语言;夸张的手法

To be named for (something) or named after (something or someone) is a frequently used expression in English. Read this paragraph about how the state of Florida got its name.


Florida is the 27th state in the United States. The state was purchased from Spain between the years 1819 and 1821 for the amount of $200,000. The name “Florida” comes from the Spanish word for “flowery.” When the Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon first saw the east coast of Florida in 1513 it was the time of the Spanish Easter holiday. He named the very green, beautiful land he viewed “Pascua Florida” or “Flowery Easter.”


When we say that a person is named after someone, it means that they were given the name of a relative or another person. I was named after my Aunt Irene. Florida was named for the Spanish words, “Flowery Easter.”


Florida is known as the Sunshine State. It produces and exports a fruit product that is very popular both in the United States and around the world. Do you know what it is? Orange juice! Citrus fruit like oranges, grapefruit, lemons and limes is grown in Florida and it is one of the biggest exports from that state. When people think of Florida, they usually think of oranges and orange juice. The State Flower of Florida is the orange blossom, the flower of the orange tree!


Because it is warm and sunny almost year-round, Florida is one of the most popular vacation spots in the United States. It is the home of Disney World, a place where many families bring their children on vacation. People enjoy visiting Florida because of its many beautiful beaches and islands.

John and David are at Stefan’s party.


John: Hello, my name is John. What’s your name?


David: My name is David. I work with Stefan at the bank.


John: I go to school with Stefan at the university.


David: John, I would like you to meet my friend Nancy.


John: Hi, Nancy. It’s nice to meet you.


Nancy: Hello, John. It’s nice to meet you, too. Do you want to dance?


Practice introducing yourself by coming to the Hosted Chat or About English Forum!

Letters are very different from e-mails. When you write a letter to a friend you must start with Dear and your friend’s name, for example, Dear Sarah and when you finish you must write love and your name or Best Wishes and your name. When you write an e-mail you can also start with Dear and your friend’s name or just write Hello or Hi or just your friend’s name and then finish with your name.
Some people think that e-mails will change the way people write in the future. Who knows?

CHINA’S home-grown cola brand is taking on Coca Cola and Pepsi on their own turf: It’s sending its first exports to the United States, Reuters reported last week.


Wahaha, China’s biggest beverage maker, says it sent its first shipment of 14,200 cases of “Future Cola” (Feichang Kele) to New York and Los Angeles in late April.


Wahaha, whose name in Chinese is meant to mimic the sound of laughter, markets its cola as the “patriotic brand”. Future Cola will sell at the same price as Coke and Pepsi, said a Wahaha spokesman.


Wahaha began as a milk factory run by a school but has grown into a State-controlled conglomerate with 10,000 employees and assets totalling 4.4 billion yuan (US$532 million).


French food maker Danone owns 30 per cent of the company. It’s based in the eastern city of Hangzhou.


Wahaha launched Future Cola in 2000 as a challenge to Coca Cola and Pepsi, which dominated the Chinese market.


Wahaha also sells a caffeine-free cola and carbonated drinks “designed for children’s physiology” with lemon, apple, orange, and salt flavours. It says they are all good for the health.


VOCABULARY



cola:                 n.=kola,[植物]可乐树;可乐饮料
brand:             n.商标;燃木;烙印;污点;烙铁
                           vt.打烙印;加商标于;加以污点;予以深刻的印象
Pepsi:              =Pepsicola百事可乐
turf:                 n.草地,草皮;跑马场;赛马
                            vt.盖以草泥
Reuters:          n.[英]路透通讯社
beverage:        n.饮料
mimic:             vt.与…极相似;模仿;拟态;装扮;扮成
                            adj.模拟的;仿造的;易伪装的
                            n.巧于模仿的人;哑剧的演员
patri’otic:         adj.爱国的;有爱国心的;爱国心强的
con’glomerate:adj.聚集而成的;
                             n.聚集物;[地理]砾岩
                             v.(使)成一团
asset:                n.有价值或有用的东西;有用的资源
launch:             vt.发射;开办;发动;投入;丢掷;[航海]下水;推出(新产品)
                             vi.开始;陷入
                             n.开始
dominate:        vt.支配;统治;管辖;凌驾
                             vi.支配;威迫;占优势
caffeine:            n.咖啡因
carbonate:        n.碳酸盐
                             vt.使…变为碳酸化;使…充满二氧化碳;使…碳化
flavour:            =flavor n.味道;风情;情趣;特点
                             vt.给…加上调味品

2004年05月25日

TWENTY years ago, if you stood at Tokyo’s busiest street crossing in Shibuya, you would have seen a sea of black hair moving around you.


Now, you can see every tone or tint imaginable paraded on the streets. Increasing numbers of Japanese women are shunning their natural black hair and going for a lighter, less serious look.


Western hair colours are in, traditional black is out. “There is a growing demand among young people in Japan for modern, Western-looking hair styles,” says Masahiro Suehira, a stylist at Shibuya’s Neolive hair studio. “The in-thing is to have something you don’t have.” There are roughly 900 hair salons in Shibuya and neighbouring districts. There’s no shortage of stylists offering to help women attain that “something” look.


Psychological thing


Masami Hamada, a travel agent from Himeji city, explains: “It’s a psychological thing. Lighter colours make me feel happier and more optimistic in my daily life.” She visits her favourite salon, Sister Golden Hair, every two months. She chats with her stylist and reads the latest hair magazines, while having her mocha orange tint refreshed, a process that takes up to four hours and costs 12,000 yen (US$110).


Traditional values have long said that Japanese women should wear their hair naturally black, from high-school to corporate career. Hamada regards this as old-fashioned and she is not alone. “It doesn’t fit the image of the independent, modern Japanese woman at all,” she says.


On the other hand, fear of being left behind on Japan’s fashion superhighway means many simply follow the leader. Thousands of trend-conscious women look to pop idols such as Ayumi Hamasaki (Bing Qibu), who is often referred to as a fashion leader, as an indicator of what’s hot and what’s not in hair.


“If Ayumi changes her hair colour from chocolate blonde to teddy bear brown, you can bet there will be a rush on that hair colour the next day,” says Tamada.


Keep up with styles


While big city salons keep cooking up new colours, shapes and cutting techniques, out among the rice growers of Honshu’s valley lands, rural salons are doing their best to keep up.


“Our customers bring in hair photos from Japanese Vogue magazine,” says stylist Hideyo Naito, 26, who works at the Agung Sari salon in Mizoguchi, a sleepy village in the lush riverlands of Hyogo. “They don’t want to be left behind, but they don’t want anything too radical.”


Ninety per cent of Naito’s clients are female, mainly 20-to-40-year-olds who visit once a month to update their hairstyle — a little bit.


“The only times our clients make bold changes are when they split with their boyfriend, get married, or get divorced,” says Naito. “New hairstyle, new life, you could say.”


Rural Japan may be behind in the radical things, but in salon numbers, villages like Mizoguchi do not fall behind.


Agung Sari, which is named after a Balinese mountain flower, shares the street with five other salons, and there are 15 more hair businesses within a one-kilometre radius of the train station. That means plenty of choice for the 2,614 people who live there.


For the modern Japanese woman, however, the hair salon is more than simply a place to have your hair done.


“Atmosphere, interior decor, staff personality and staff fashion sense, even the kind of tea or coffee served, are all important to my customers,” says Tamada. “They want to relax and have fun, and they want to be transformed.”


VOCABULARY



tone:                n.声音,音调;语调,语气,口吻;色调;风气,风格,特性
                            vt.定调子;定色调
                            vi.颜色调和
tint:                  n.淡色;色彩;色度
                            vt.微染,着以轻淡的颜色
i’maginable:     adj.可能的;可想象的
pa’rade:            n.阅兵;受检阅;游行;散步广场
                             vt.在…游行;在…散步
                             vi.游行;列队行进
shun:                 vt.避开;避免;回避;[叹词]立正!注意!
stylist:               n.具有独特风格者;文体(批评)家;设计师
neolive:          ‘neo-’表示“新;新近;新创”
roughly:            adv.粗糙地;粗暴地;无理地;概略地
salon:                 n.客厅;接待室;美术展览馆;文艺沙龙
district:             n.区域;地域;行政区
                             vt.区分;划分;分割
psycho’logical: adj.心理上的,心理学的
opti’mistic:        adj.乐观(主义)的
favourite:          同favorite,adj.最喜欢的;n.最喜欢的人或物
mocha:              n.阿拉伯优质咖啡;咖啡调味料;阿拉伯羊皮
                              adj.加咖啡和巧克力味道的;深褐色的
corporate:         adj.法人组织的;团体的;公司的;共同的;合并的;集体的
super’highway:n.[美]超级(高速)公路
idol:                   n.偶像;神像;假神;被盲目崇拜的人;被过度崇拜的人;幻影
blonde:              adj.浅色的;色淡的
                              n.有金黄色毛发的人
teddy:                n.(常pl.)一种妇女所穿的内衣
rural:                  adj.乡村的;乡下的;田园的;乡下人的;乡民的;农业的
lush:                   adj.茂盛的;嫩绿的;奢华的;丰富的;过分讲究的;
多汁的;美味的;芬芳的;繁荣的
                              n.酒鬼
                              vi.酗酒
radical:              adj.基本的;极端的;激进的;根本的;[数]根号的;[植物]根生的;[语言]语根的
bold:                  adj.大胆的;鲁莽的;无耻的;陡峭的;显眼的
                              n.[印刷]粗体铅字
Bali’nese:           adj.巴里岛的;巴里语的
                              n.巴里语(人)
radius:               n.半径;范围;半径的长度;辐射状;放射状物;(pl.)-es或radii
de’cor:                n.[法]舞台装饰;装饰的格调
staff:                   n.全体职员;拐杖;棍棒;长杆;支柱;五线谱;[军事]参谋;(pl.)staves
                               vt.为…配备职员(助手等)
re’lax:                 v.(使)松弛;放松;(使)休息;(使)轻松;放宽
trans’form:        vt.[语言]变换;[电学]使变压;[生理]变型,突变
                               vi.变形
                               n.变换;变形物