2008年09月01日
Birdington

海-自由的归宿!我的最爱!!!就是不懂,和谐真正在国外体验,动物在这里有这大于人的权利!翱翔飞在天空像人们丢炸弹_大便!呵呵!

2008年08月18日

 今天,小小presentation,虽然是第一次的小课堂演讲,但我还是认真对待了,写了我半天时间,读了2遍!虽然后来还是修改不少,但还是让大家见识一下原稿!(错误较多)

 

老师(一个像friends里rose的当地人)是给了我一个"done well",全班有一个拿优秀的!相对其他人草草了事,我可是下足功夫的 阿!可是水平有限阿!下个星期我要加油才行!

 

另外,这个星期活动 可以去看英国传统的赛狗,可以小赌一把(准备1磅),星期6去Harrogate,听说有土耳其浴场,sidi(一个黑人同学),叫我一定要试一下,说真的爽,!!!我们穷学生那有钱试阿!(17磅阿)^^^说实话,在广州,要是这个价钱,早就试拉!呵呵,到这里什么都算算阿!

今天上课,那个可恶的沙特阿拉伯同学,在我们和老师说到税率问题的时候,故意打断我们的讨论,然后得意地说他们从来不用给税 !看他那嚣张的样!!真想K他!呵呵,想想生活在一个水比油的国度,心里又一丝快感,算了,放过他!

Tibetan mastiff

Ladies and gentlemen, today I am going to talk about a book which describes a very interesting dog-Tibetan mastiff and shows some dramatic stories about it and its members. The writer is yang Zhijun who is directly recounting the firsthand experiences of his father. He lived on the Tibetan prairie as a journalist for a long time with a mastiff. The stories of the book are very interesting, it talk about Tibetan mastiff how to become a leader of others with lots fighting and how to protect human beings with lots fighting. Maybe when I said here, you don’t want to what happened of the stories because too many fighting of bloodiness. But before presenting some ideas will get your some information from interview of yang.

"I believe that there’s no other animal in the world like the Tibetan mastiff. Take tigers and lions as an example. They’re powerful and formidable, similar to the Tibetan mastiff. However, unlike the mastiff, which is friendly to humans, they’re not at all approachable. You can find no credibility or loyalty in them, which are exactly the qualities that the Tibetan mastiff possesses. Meanwhile, in contrast to other, overly-obedient animals, like the panda or sheep, the Tibetan mastiff always shows sufficient bravery when needed. So, its spirit can actually be regarded as an example from which we should all learn."

When I have read, I also have strong feeling of the same of the writer .Tibetan mastiffs do many anything to keep its master and members as well as their properties. Even though they have strong power with fighting, on most occasions they fight not for themselves. In contrast, thanking about our society and ourselves, we care too much about ourselves, even some people do every only for their benefit. I know I cannot casually compare human and dogs, however, I just hardly find some spirit of Tibetan mastiff from human beings. Sometimes, I even think about that it is a very happy thing for me to become a mastiff and run in larger grassland with my members. But we know real life isn’t as happy as people imagine.

Just like these so unthinkable animal which less and less have happened in grassland as well as more and more have become ours hours pet in city. Let us to think about what happened of our earth.

Finally will recommend this book for your. The book is not only describing some stories of Tibetan mastiff, but also gets you a key helping you to thank about relationship of human beings and nature.

 

 

 

2008年08月17日
leed见闻录

一个和谢城一样小的城市!

没有什么新奇,一切都那么熟悉(英国 的城市除了伦敦,其他的真的还差不多!)

感觉蛮有意思的是,军事罗马博物馆,终于与欧洲中世纪冷兵器有一个一次亲密接触!博物馆中收集历史上各个时期,各个地方有意思的兵器!除了 欧洲的,还要印度的,日本的,土耳其的,东南亚的!唯独没有中国的!从他们收集的东西看,他们更钟情于盔甲类,还有武器。中国的盔甲,人家根本就看不上!(外国人就是傻,背那么重的东西,怎么打仗阿,当然是轻装好了!

还有一个让英国人自豪的是他们商城,什么全英第几大,第几大的!进去 没把你气晕!规模也就一个广百!他们要是去了广州不又疯了!天河城,正佳什么的吓死他们!呵呵!

 

2008年08月15日
8.14 haobao
我的美食!@呵呵

下午下课本想回下面吃!回到家一想没肉了!还要去买肉啊!家里没肉已经2天了!(火腿也是昨天买的,作早餐用的!)

去tesco一看!也没什么好吃的肉(主要是没便宜的阿)就往特价的看(什么买一送一阿)一般都买mince(一种牛缴肉),口感很一般,可是价钱还行,要5磅2盒,我上次买了1打鸡翼(1磅多)和1个mince就吃了10天!!!

我家旁边的tesco很小,商品也不是很全,没有鸡翼什么的,又不想再吃mince,所以就选了一个3.5磅2盒牛肉丸!挺贵的呀!一盒9个吧!就像我们国内吃火锅的那种!

本来回去想下个面条就算了,又想吃饭!吃就吃吧,谁叫我嘴馋阿!煮了1杯(杯子是我用矿泉水瓶子做的,一杯蛮多的,一般是7成多够我吃一顿)多米。本想明天可以带饭去!……下面到做餐了!洋葱,番茄,豆角,土豆,圆椒,洗的洗,削皮的削皮,分量绝对够2顿!下油 ,热油+一片洋葱爆香(蒜有点贵,舍不得买啊)然后是刚买的肉丸拉!我一个肉丸把它变三个,就用2个大肉丸就可以了,呵呵!然后就炒阿!下肉炒,再放刚刚的料,糖+盐+鸡粉+**(一种香料,也不知什么,那时便宜就买了)……

好了,还真香 ,每次我做饭,伊朗人都从客厅往房间跑,肯定是太香了忍不住流口水!呵呵!然后盛到房里吃啊!一下就吃完了,每天最幸福的时候就是吃自己做的米饭了!还是米饭好吃啊!呵呵!吃完了,就去盛明天的阿!刚刚好又一碗!可是自己又想说,再吃一口吧!呵呵!一口一口就吃完阿!呵呵!现在就撑了!!!

 

晕!嘴馋到这里真可怜,什么都舍不得买!蔬菜就土豆便宜,1磅有好几个!其他都好贵啊 !零食就巧克力+薯片便宜,但也是上1磅的阿!

2008年08月10日
liverpool

与sheffield 不同啊!liverpool是真的是一个旅游城市!呵呵!

2个多小时的路程,到了一个不同风格的英国城市!

游览了一个比较出名的码头画廊(这是一个由废弃码头改造的艺术工厂),有点像北京的798,但它的商业气息更浓烈些!是一个当地重要的旅游景点阿!当然我们还逛了city center的商场阿,博物馆阿!

都蛮有趣的!这里的体育城很搞笑,不管是adidas ,nick.还是什么综合的体育城,大半买的东西都和足球有关,篮球在市中心尽然只由一个有的卖,也只有2个!呵呵!我晕!篮球装备更是没有!英国人真的疯了!你很难理解他们对于足球那种热爱!!!

 

 

晚上自己做了一个蛮好吃的dish-牛肉碎炒菜椒豆角!呵呵

2008年08月09日

peak park
the some day of begining beijing games

 

星期5,下午没课,本想着着回victoria hall去看奥运,可是谁知staff通知 下午2点要到学校(art tower)去注册(police )!所以比较郁闷!本想很快!……又一次见识英国人效率!就这样错过了奥运!

匆忙赶回家后,打开电视看,谁知看着尽然睡着了!呵呵!被nader(伊朗室友)吵醒!他 问 我关于奥运的事情啊!呵呵,还说今天看到许多中国学生拿着国旗出去了!和他啰嗦了一会,又马上回自己的room休息一会,知道晚上还要去BBQ啦!我想的蛮好的!

由于路途遥远,又没带地图,我和约好2个朋友连问带闯的到了所谓的EAGE(也是一个student accommodation),所谓BBQ就是一个烤的汉堡阿!呵呵!然后就是疯狂 认识新朋友和相互了解啦 !呵呵!发现这里的伊朗人都蛮好的!其实不管哪里人,都是留学生,出来就是想了解外面的事物。

 

(另外说一下这个星期,我看了2场足球赛 !蛮有趣的!但都是与中国有关的哦!都是为中国四川地震筹款所进行的!一场是谢菲联队对成都队(3:1),另外一场是德国元老队英国元老队(5:1)!英国人对于足球的热爱,真的是那种变态的热爱。呵呵!很难用言语来表达那种气氛了!(由于元老队那场我没带相机,所以蛮遗憾的!)PS :我还见到孙继海了,还有他老婆孩子!聊了几句。说今天没化妆又有事不肯跟我们合影,搞到我朋友一肚子火啊)呵呵做球星不容易吧!!!

2008年08月02日

经过十几小时的奔波,早已没气力与心情去欣赏火车外的景色啦!大包小包的加上转机转火车早已精疲力尽的我被一道风景吸引了我——一块块的草原上有3,5群的绵羊在吃草!可惜,太累啦!没照下来!——————

 

终于到来了谢村,第一感觉还行,蛮干净的一个城市,背着拖着提着行李的我上了"阿差"(印度佬)的text,聊了几句没听懂,晕!!赶紧拿出地址的纸张告诉他!!!心里嘀咕了一下!不会看我中国人给我兜圈子吧! 晕阿晕阿!(这就是在谢村坐车的第一感觉.)呵呵! 到了住处按照当时1邮件的指示与staff联系拿钥匙,谁知打了几次又没人接!晕,不会去吃饭了吧!救命!!!好在有一朋友在这,我心里有底,要不真的不知如何是好!呵呵!!!

本想在等朋友的时候顺便逛一下(就等10分钟),可身体的疲惫真的forbid阿!__—–!!再次感谢朋友与她的男友!让我在他乡感到一丝暖意阿!!

日子才刚开始!呵呵!好好加油吧!

sheffield first week
2008年06月01日

CPC Central Committee Political Bureau Standing Committee and Premier of the State Council, the State Council earthquake relief headquarters commander Wen Jiabao here on the 22nd afternoon Zaifu Sichuan earthquake-stricken area, and condolences to the people involved in rescue of the People’s Liberation Army and armed police officers and soldiers, policemen, medical personnel, command Earthquake relief work.
亲临一线察看堰塞湖险情 Yanse Hu personally inspected the frontline of dangerous

22日下午5时10分许,一抵达绵阳机场,温家宝总理就和国务院副总理回良玉、国务委员马凯以及总指挥部其他成员一起改乘直升机前往北川察看唐家山堰塞湖,看望禹里乡准备转移的群众,并前往在地震中遭受严重毁坏的北川县城,了解受灾情况。 At 17:10 on the 22nd Xu, arrived at the airport in Mianyang, Premier Wen Jiabao on and Vice Premier Hui Liangyu, State Councilor Ma Kai and other members of the General Command Gaicheng helicopter to see the North Chuancha Tang Shan Yan Sehu, visit Yu, prepared to transfer the rural masses, and go to the earthquake suffered serious damage in the north-county, understanding disaster situation.
地震发生后,由于山体滑坡、塌方和泥石流堵塞河道,导致四川震区目前形成了33处堰塞湖,其中唐家山堰塞湖是险情较重的一座,对下游安全构成了一定威胁。 After the earthquake, the mountain landslides, mud-rock flow and landslides blocked the river in Sichuan Earthquake led to the formation of the current 33 Yanse Hu, Tang Shan Yan Sehu is a severe danger to the security of the lower reaches a certain threat. 目前,水利部门和武警水电部队已经对其进行24小时监控,并制定了相关应急处理预案。 At present, the water utilities sector and the armed police forces have their 24-hour surveillance, and developed a contingency plan.
直升机随后在禹里乡降落。 Yu then in the helicopter landed in the township. 这里位于唐家山堰塞湖的上游,是传说中大禹的故里。 Tang Jiaxuan here in the mountains upstream Yanse Hu, is the hometown legend in the Dayu. 为防范回水继续上涨淹没村庄,部队正在组织当地受灾群众转移。 To prevent backwater flooded villages continue to rise, the unit is organizing the transfer of local people in disaster areas.
温 家宝告诉乡亲们,现在威胁最大的就是堰塞湖,“你们放心,我们一定把这个问题处理好,一定会确保群众安全。”温家宝提出了处理堰塞湖问题的三条原则:一是 主动处理,避免被动处理;二是要立足早处理,防止因水量增大增加处理难度;三是同时制定工程排险方案和人员转移避险方案,确保群众安全,确保部队和抢救人 员安全,绝不能再造成人员伤亡…… Wen Jiabao told the villagers, is now the biggest threat Yanse Hu, "You rest assured that we will properly handle this issue, we will ensure that the safety of the masses." Yansai Hu Wen Jiabao put forward to address the issue of three principles: First, take the initiative To avoid passive; Second, we should base ourselves early treatment to prevent the increase due to increased water treatment more difficult; Third, it is also developing programmes and projects ranked risk transfer of hedge programme to ensure the safety of the masses to ensure that the security forces and rescue personnel, must no longer Causing casualties……
再造新北川老城可建博物馆当日下午7时许,温家宝来到北川县城外的一块高地上,眺望这座曾经山清水秀的县城。 The new North-recycling old city museum can be built at about 7 pm the same day, Wen Jiabao came to the North-county, one of the high ground, this has a beautiful view of the county. 两侧山体塌方,将县城许多房屋掩埋在石土之下,整座城镇满目疮痍,一片废墟。 On both sides of the mountain cave, the county will be many houses buried under soil in stone, devastated the whole town, in ruins.
当地干部向总理介绍,目前县城的救援工作已经告一段落,全部人员都已撤离,正在抓紧进行卫生防疫工作。 Local cadres to the Prime Minister, now the county seat of the rescue work has been concluded, all staff have been evacuated, is pay close attention to health and epidemic prevention work.
温家宝殷切地对当地干部说,我们要再造一个新北川。 Wen Jiabao keen on the local cadres said that we should recycling of a new North-chuan. 这座老县城可以作为地震遗址保留,变成地震博物馆。 The old county seat reservations can be used as the earthquake ruins, a quake museum. 另外,北川是我国唯一的羌族自治县,要保护好羌族特有的文化遗产,即使县城迁建到新的地址,也要做好这种保护工作。 In addition, the North River is China’s only Qiang Autonomous County, it is necessary to protect the unique cultural heritage of the Qiang, even if the county moving to a new address, to make such protection work.
23日,温家宝还到北川中学安置点慰问了同学们,并在黑板上写下“多难兴邦”几个大字。 23, Wen also to the north-secondary settlements condolences to the students, and on the blackboard and wrote "more difficult Xingbang" a few Chinese characters. 但最令人难忘的,是总理对同学们殷切勉励的一句话——“要昂起不屈的头颅,挺起不屈的脊梁,燃起那颗炽热的心。为了明天,充满希望地向前迈进!” But the most impressive is the premier encouraged the students have strong words – "Angqi unyielding to the skull, backbone Tingqi indomitable, ignite那颗overheated heart. For tomorrow, full of hope to move forward Forward! "


‘The Lion King’

One might ask how "The Lion King" has anything to do with this passionate fight in the name of Mother Earth. In its entirety, it is a celebration of Mother Earth and all the beauty it reaps. As the story goes, when the hero Simba leaves his home, the evil Scar becomes king. During his reign, the land becomes barren, animals die en masse and the earth is essentially pillaged and taken for granted. It is a harsh and heavy reminder of what can happen if the environment is neglected, if people are allowed to have their way with our precious Earth. So next time you watch this movie, take a different perspective and give a nod to how vital and precious our Earth truly is.

– Ravi Antani


‘Aguirre, the Wrath of God’

There are many reasons to revisit Werner Herzog’s ("Grizzly Man," "Rescue Dawn") unforgettably haunting 1972 historical epic about the doomed Spanish voyage to El Dorado. For one, it features what might be the defining performance by the legendary Klaus Kinski. Another reason is its interesting take on man’s relationship with nature. In the film, conquistadors set out foolishly into the jungle, never for an instant considering the consequences of their greed in an organic world. They don’t understand or respect the environment around them, and it spells their demise. The film ends as a disturbing cautionary tale, as the insane Aguirre stands adrift on his raft on some endless river, surrounded by dead bodies and screeching monkeys – swallowed by the natural world he hoped to exploit.

– Jack Frink


‘The Day After Tomorrow’

Yeah, it might be cliche but no other film shows the true ferocity of Mother Nature quite like this 2004 Roland Emmerich-directed feature. Dennis Quaid plays the coolest climatologist this side of Willard Scott who unleashes the best line of dialogue to the vice president with: "Mr. Vice President, we’ve hit a critical desalinization point in the North Atlantic Drift." Rich and compelling. Sure, every professor in the geological sciences department will tell you that most of the film is malarkey, but nothing says "Stop Global Warming" like Jake Gyllenhaal outrunning a pack of wolves or super-tornadoes in L.A. or temperatures dropping so fast that people instantaneously freeze like a Push Pop.

– Alex Regnery

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Relationship Between Man And Nature

  The Spring-Autumn and the Warring States periods were marked by the emancipation, the great leap forward the creative exploration of the ancient Chinese philosophies. Many philosophers showed sparks of creative wisdom. In these days, rites collapsed and music deteriorated, unrest and upheaval set in and the states waged wars against each other striving for hegemony. The distressed scholars either traveled to different states to put forward their views and proposals to deliver the people from their sufferings, or taught disciples, or retreated in seclusion to write books to expound their doctrines. Within a short time , many philosophical schools arose , among which were Confucianism , Master Lao’s Doctrine , Master Mo’s Doctrine , Legalists , Yin-Yang Doctrine , etc., each propounding its own systematic philosophical viewpoints as well as its social and political proposals . Their ideological contest laid a sound foundation for the development of Chinese philosophy.
   The pre-Qin philosophies represented the wisdom of ancient Chinese philosophers, whether the high ideal state of “unity of nature and man”, or the high social value of peace and harmony, or the “people-loving” benevolent mentality, or the “self restraining observation of rites” of the modest persons, or the doctrine of “forever changing”, all were sparks of wisdom of the ancient Chinese sages and philosophies, which is a precious spiritual wealth for the modern Chinese people.
In the relationship between nature and man there existed three schools of philosophy, viz, the nature and man in unity” school, interrelated, the “man distinguished from nature” school and the “joining in the nature” school. The first school stressed that the law of human and the law of nature were interrelated and so were the behaviors of the human and the behaviors of the nature.

  The main exponents of this school were Maclius and Master Zhuang. Mencius proposed the theory of “exerting the mind to understand the behaviors of man and nature”. He advocated that human instincts and natural laws were interrelated, and that the mind was the subject to be affected. If man exerted fully his mind, he could understand his instincts, which was endowed by nature. So, to understand instincts was to understand nature. Nature was the ultimate dictator and the inexorable laws. Master Zhuang was another exponent of the “unity of nature and man” school. He said, “Nature grow with me,” and “All things and I blending into one, represent the loftiest ideal state.” (From the “Book of Master Zhuang”: “On Nature”) The second philosophical school advocating “distinguishing man from nature” was represented by Master Xun. He emphasized the distinction between nature and man, and stated that positive human behaviors should be directed to change nature. He defied that nature had consciousness and could exert power over the auspiciousness and ominousness, the disasters and fortunes of man. Instead, he argued that nature was material and an objective existence. He wrote, “Nature is progressing; earth has resources; and man should manage.” (From the “Book of Master Xun: On Nature”.)The third philosophical school advocating “man joining in nature” pointed out that man could participate in the changes of nature since man and nature are both distinguishable and united . In the “Book of golden Mean” it was stated: “Exerting fully the mind leads to using fully all the things. Using fully all the things leads to contribution to the progress of nature. Contributing to the progres of nature is joining in the nature”. This statement was a clear and systematic representation of the philosophy of this school.

 

 

 

 

Relationship Between Man and Nature in The Sun Also Rises

by Daniel James Wood

February 03, 2004

Bright daylight, a river, cool breezes, green and rolling countryside, oxen, cattle, pigeons, valleys, hills stretching off back toward the sea, children playing in the hot sun – when Jake and his company first perceive ‘Nature’ in The Sun Also Rises (in chapter ten) it is amazing in its unrestrained, unrelenting beauty, yet it fails to amaze those men who actually perceive it; men who, instead, adopt a blase attitude of nonchalance towards the extraordinary settings into which they venture. In Jake’s own words: "While we were waiting [for Robert Cohn] I saw a cockroach on the parquet floor that must have been at least three inches long. I pointed him out to Bill and then put my shoe on him. We agreed he must have just come in from the garden. It was really an awfully clean hotel." Such is the relationship between nature and the misguided youth of the ‘Lost Generation’: nature is to be seen, to be appreciated, to be enjoyed, but also to be altered or destroyed or even belittled for the amusement of a generation who find their very identity in having been involved in one of history’s greatest acts of destruction.

"We’re going trout-fishing," says Bill. "We’re going trout-fishing in the Irati River, and we’re going to get tight now and at lunch on the wine of the country, and then take a swell bus ride." Nature, in the novel, is depicted as something in possession of astounding beauty, but it is not described as being astoundingly beautiful; that is, its beauty is apparent to the reader, yet the characters in the novel, most especially the narrator, do not respond to – or offer an opinion on – that beauty; and sometimes the very opposite is true. Consider Bill’s adamant claim, above, in which he speaks as though he is somehow entitled to take fish from the river for whatever purpose he pleases, and in which the river and its bountiful contents – "the wine of the country" – excite him only as much as the prospect of a simple bus ride. Later, in chapter twelve, similar sentiments arise:

"We have to follow this road along the ridge, cross these hills, go through the woods on the far hills, and come down to the Irati valley," I pointed out to Bill.

"That’s a hell of a hike."

"It’s too far to go and fish and come back the same day, comfortably."

"Comfortably. That’s a nice word. We’ll have to go like hell to get there and back and have any fishing at all."

Here, nature is held in stark contrast against the world-weary, pleasure-seeking youth of the narrative. ‘Comfort’ is essentially the only thing these characters care about; it is the only value they hold. Even when they are in wild, rugged, unfamiliar country, they stay indoors in hotels getting drunk instead of going outside to see the local sights, they kill the local wildlife whether it be a cockroach or a fish, and they do so for purposes of personal fulfillment, for fun, or, again, simply for ‘comfort.’ Not even the river is held sacred, not even after the effort the party goes to in order to reach it in the first place. Instead of savoring its subtle beauty and isolation, which are made evident to us, Jake appreciates only its chillingly cold temperature, which he uses to cool two bottles of wine. The attitude of the characters towards the nature that surrounds them, here, is one of ambivalence.

However, it worsens; it changes from ambivalence to destruction, and finally falls victim to the notion that the destruction these characters inflict upon nature is actually an improvement on the original scenario. Consider the scene in which Jake catches a number of trout on the fishing expedition: "I felt that I had [a trout on the line] and brought him, fighting and bending the rod almost double, out of the boiling water at the foot of the falls, and swung him up and onto the dam." First, he simply catches the fish; then, he utterly destroys it: "He was a good trout, and I banged his head against the timber so that he quivered out straight, and then slipped him into my bag." Later, Jake finds himself with six trout to his credit: "I laid them all out, side by side, all their heads pointing the same way, and looked at them." This is the first time on the entire expedition that any of the characters take a step back from their own little self-contained party and look at something outside of themselves; and, as is true of their nature, Jake chooses to look at something completely devoid of life. As he does so, he remarks that "they were beautifully colored" and this is the first time, too, that he uses the word ‘beautiful’ even though the beauty in his surroundings is always apparent to the reader, while the beauty in the subject he focuses on – the fish – has been tainted by death. Jake continues: "I slit [the fish] and shucked out the insides, gills and all, and tossed them over across the river. I took the trout ashore, washed them in the cold, smoothly heavy water above the dam, and then picked some ferns and packed them all in the bag." Now, not only does he utterly tear the six fish to shreds, and then pollute the river from which they came with their innards and offal, but he also rips away at the foliage around the river in order to preserve his catch, and finally, he marvels at the beauty of his own handiwork: "[The trout] looked nice in the ferns," he says, almost as if they were of no use whatsoever when they were in the river. This is a complete inversion of traditional aesthetic priorities, held by a man typical of his generation who holds no regard for the preservation of a balanced environment in which he is only a visitor.

His status as a visitor – and the status of his companions as visitors – is exemplified nowhere more-so than in an example of their joint behavior whilst on the fishing trip, which exposes their naivete and self-centeredness when in an environment that exists outside of the confines of ‘comfort’:

It was a beech wood and the trees were very old. Their roots bulked above the ground and the branches were twisted. We walked on the road between the thick trunks of the old beeches and the sunlight came through the leaves in light patches on the grass. The trees were big, and the foliage was thick but it was not gloomy. There was no undergrowth, only the smooth grass, very green and fresh, and the big gray trees well spaced as though it were a park.

"This is country," Bill said.

But Bill is wrong – it cannot completely be country, or as distant from civilization as he implies it is; after all, Jake notes that it is not unlike a park, which is in itself nothing more than nature tamed by man; and, moreover, forever following the scent of ‘comfort’ even in the wilderness, the party of young men always follows the beaten path of the road, taking special care not to veer away from the visible track. Indeed, the first time they even see the mountains that provide a backdrop to the scenery in which their expedition takes place, they are sitting in a car on a road: "As the bus ground slowly up the road we could see other mountains coming up in the south." And when they are as comfortable as can be in the wilds of nature – that is, eating roast chicken for lunch and getting drunk on the wine they chilled in the river – Bill once again pokes fun at nature: "Let no man be ashamed to kneel here in the great out-of-doors. Remember the woods were God’s first temples." Their attitudes towards nature, then, expose the inner conflict of these lost young men: they are willing to poke fun, to provoke and belittle, but not insofar as it would take them away from the luxuries that might otherwise constitute their everyday lives. Nature, for Jake and for Mike and for Bill, is something to be undervalued, chided, trivialized, provoked like a wild animal until violence erupts – if the bull is a symbol of nature’s fury unleashed, then their fascination with bullfighting is evidence enough of this. Further, this attitude towards nature and towards things ‘beneath them’ in general manifests itself in the overall character of these men by way of Mike’s intense dislike of Robert Cohn, the only member of the group who has enough strength and skill (via his training as a boxer) to actually provoke violence that he could overcome, and also the only member of the group who chooses not to do so.

The novel is prefaced with a quote from Ecclesiastes: "The sun also riseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to the place where he arose. … The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits. …All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again." This quote serves a number of purposes. Chief amongst these is the assurance that, even after this misguided generation of lost souls has passed on, there will come subsequent generations of people who are just as lost and just as misguided. However, the Biblical passage also reminds us of the eternality of nature, of the rising and setting and rising of the sun and the flowing of waters from the rivers into the sea and back again. Therefore, it underscores just how desperately the youth of the lost generation wander and meander through life. If it is in their attitude to provoke that which is ‘beneath’ them, as outlined above, and if nature is considered to be ‘beneath’ them, as they see it, with the bull being the epitome of all that is wild and untamed in nature, then the quote from Ecclesiastes is the proverbial carrot dangling from a wire in front of the donkey’s eyes. No matter how assuredly or conscientiously these men search for something to belittle or provoke, and no matter how often they attempt to spoil the natural surroundings in which they find themselves – whether that attempt springs from the belief that they are making an improvement on those surroundings, or from a knee-jerk reaction to provoke a fight – those surroundings, nature, its cockroaches and its bulls and its cattle, its oxen, its hillsides and rivers and pigeons, will always be greater, bigger and more elusive than the men who seek to change it.

This is how nature fits into Hemingway’s story: not merely as a picturesque backdrop to the events of the narrative, but also as the gentle backdrop against which the alternately violent and self-centered nature of the characters is revealed to us, so as to show by way of comparison and contrast just how ‘lost’ they are. It is also as a reminder that the world is an enormously mystifying and diverse place; and we realize that these characters have simplified that diversity to fit within the confines of a pre-planned idealized sense of ‘comfort’; and therefore, whenever they do seek to alter or belittle nature in some way, whether it be passively or violently, then they, being from a smaller world, are inevitably fighting a losing battle. They are not simply the ‘Lost Generation’ because they wander on aimlessly, pointlessly; but rather, they are the ‘Lost Generation’ because, when they do identify a goal to be achieved – usually a negative or ego-centric ambition, at that – it is not only a similarly pointless aspiration, but it is also too big to be grasped by any man: they frequently set their sights on the violent alteration of something that could easily destroy them; and, in those instances where they are too timid to do so, they simply step aside and watch others partake in that reciprocal destruction; that is, bullfighting. The sun also rises, and sets, and rises again; theirs is a world of violence born from restlessness, and that restlessness, in turn, is born from the violence – the war – that gave them such a life in the first place. Nature, more than that, is what they pursue to abate their restlessness, yet at the same time it is the target of their frustration and their destructive impulses, as instigators and spectators alike.